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WHO guidance on research methods for health emergency and disaster risk management

WHO guidance on research methods for health emergency and disaster risk management PDF Author:
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9240032282
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management (Health EDRM) has recently emerged as a critical field for research, policy, and practice as a result of the growing recognition of health as a core dimension in disaster risk management. Global frameworks such as the WHO 13th General Programme of Work (GPW13), the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the International Health Regulations (IHR) have goals, targets, and indicators that monitor the health impact of disasters and emergencies and resilience in health systems and communities. Policies and actions guided by the best possible evidence are therefore critical for managing the health risks of emergencies and disasters. However, the evidence base in Health EDRM is very limited, reflecting the overall lack of research in this area. To address this gap, the WHO set out to develop a reference book about methods to guide Health EDRM research in collaboration with global experts. This book provides concrete guidance across a wide range of research, taking a systematic approach to discuss the type of research that is needed to generate relevant evidence for managing risks and consequences of emergencies and disasters. This research includes observational and experimental studies, and those that use qualitative or quantitative data, or both. When using the book, readers are encouraged to take account of the specific setting of the health risks of any emergency or disaster, including national capacities and the impacts that are directly and indirectly health-related.

WHO guidance on research methods for health emergency and disaster risk management

WHO guidance on research methods for health emergency and disaster risk management PDF Author:
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9240032282
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management (Health EDRM) has recently emerged as a critical field for research, policy, and practice as a result of the growing recognition of health as a core dimension in disaster risk management. Global frameworks such as the WHO 13th General Programme of Work (GPW13), the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the International Health Regulations (IHR) have goals, targets, and indicators that monitor the health impact of disasters and emergencies and resilience in health systems and communities. Policies and actions guided by the best possible evidence are therefore critical for managing the health risks of emergencies and disasters. However, the evidence base in Health EDRM is very limited, reflecting the overall lack of research in this area. To address this gap, the WHO set out to develop a reference book about methods to guide Health EDRM research in collaboration with global experts. This book provides concrete guidance across a wide range of research, taking a systematic approach to discuss the type of research that is needed to generate relevant evidence for managing risks and consequences of emergencies and disasters. This research includes observational and experimental studies, and those that use qualitative or quantitative data, or both. When using the book, readers are encouraged to take account of the specific setting of the health risks of any emergency or disaster, including national capacities and the impacts that are directly and indirectly health-related.

Health-Related Emergency Disaster Risk Management (Health-EDRM)

Health-Related Emergency Disaster Risk Management (Health-EDRM) PDF Author: Emily Ying Yang Chan
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 303936314X
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 294

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Book Description
Disasters such as earthquakes, cyclones, floods, heat waves, nuclear accidents, and large scale pollution incidents take lives and cause exceptionally large health problems. The majority of large-scale disasters affect the most vulnerable populations, which are often comprised of people of extreme ages, in remote living areas, with endemic poverty, and with low literacy. Health-related emergency disaster risk management (Health-EDRM) [1] refers to the systematic analysis and management of health risks surrounding emergencies and disasters; it plays an important role in reducing hazards and vulnerability along with extending preparedness, response, and recovery measures. This concept encompasses risk analyses and interventions, such as accessible early warning systems, timely deployment of relief workers, and the provision of suitable drugs and medical equipment, to decrease the impact of disaster on people before, during, and after disaster events. Disaster risk profiling and interventions can be at the personal/household, community, and system/political levels; they can be targeted at specific health risks including respiratory issues caused by indoor burning, re-emergence of infectious disease due to low vaccination coverage, and gastrointestinal problems resulting from unregulated waste management. Unfortunately, there has been a major gap in the scientific literature regarding Health-EDRM. The aim of this Special Issue of IJERPH was to present papers describing/reporting the latest disaster and health risk analyses, as well as interventions for health-related disaster risk management, in an effort to address this gap and facilitate major global policies and initiatives for disaster risk reduction.

Disaster and Emergency Management Methods

Disaster and Emergency Management Methods PDF Author: Jason D. Rivera
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000411168
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 408

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Book Description
Find the answers to disaster and emergency management research questions with Disaster and Emergency Management Methods. Written to engage students and to provide a flexible foundation for instructors and practitioners, this interdisciplinary textbook provides a holistic understanding of disaster and emergency management research methods used in the field. The disaster and emergency management contexts have a host of challenges that affect the research process that subsequently shape methodological approaches, data quality, analysis and inferences. In this book, readers are presented with the considerations that must be made before engaging in the research process, in addition to a variety of qualitative and quantitative methodological approaches that are currently being used in the discipline. Current, relevant, and fascinating real-world applications provide a window into how each approach is being applied in the field. Disaster and Emergency Management Methods serves as an effective way to empower readers to approach their own study of disaster and emergency management research methods with confidence.

Using Social Marketing for Public Emergency Preparedness

Using Social Marketing for Public Emergency Preparedness PDF Author: Nancy Meyer-Emerick
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317420497
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 132

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Book Description
Less than half of the public in the U.S. have taken the three steps to prepare for emergencies that are recommended by FEMA and the Red Cross: having a 3-day emergency kit, a family communication plan, and knowing where to get information during an emergency. Although emergency managers attempt to train the public, often they are only able to distribute brochures and make public notifications. For a variety of reasons, the public frequently ignores this guidance, leaving people more vulnerable during emergencies. This book applies the process of social marketing, which has been used widely in public health and other disciplines, to the lack of public preparedness. Written for emergency managers in government and non-profit agencies, students, and volunteers, the book provides enough background and resources to enable the user to carry out an effective emergency preparedness campaign in their community and maintain it over time. Unlike preparing one message for everyone, social marketing involves working with smaller communities to identify what and how people want to learn, training them, and then maintaining that relationship to insure their preparedness. Because most emergency management agencies lack resources to take on such an initiative, the book provides readers with low cost methods to begin a social marketing program.

Disaster Management and Human Health Risk VII

Disaster Management and Human Health Risk VII PDF Author: G. Passerini
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1784664456
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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Book Description
Research presented at the 7th International Conference on Disaster Management and Human Health: Reducing Risk, Improving Outcomes is contained in this volume. These contributions from academics and experts focus on public health, security and disaster management with the goal to assess the potential risk from various types of disaster and highlight ways to prevent or alleviate any damage. There is a need for academia and practitioners to exchange knowledge and experience on the way to handle the increasing risk of natural and human-made disasters. Recent major earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, floods and other natural phenomena have resulted in huge losses in terms of human life and property destruction. A new range of human-made disasters have afflicted humanity in modern times; terrorist activities have been added to more classical disasters such as those due to the failure of industrial installations for instance. It is important to understand the nature of these global risks to be able to develop strategies to prepare for these events and plan effective responses in terms of disaster management and the associated human health impacts. The papers included in this volume cover such topics as Disaster analysis; Disaster monitoring and mitigation; Emergency preparedness; Risk mitigation; Security decision making; Community recovery and resilience; Socio-economic issues; Public health risk; Disaster psychology; Human factors; Multi-hazard risk assessment; Crisis and communication; Learning from disasters; Terrorism and man-made disasters; Business and service continuity; Disaster risk reduction (DRR); New technologies and tools for disaster evaluation; Disaster governance policies; Environmental issues; Recovery and restoration; Disaster modelling; Surveillance and remote sensing; Disaster response.

Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response

Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response PDF Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309670381
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 501

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Book Description
When communities face complex public health emergencies, state local, tribal, and territorial public health agencies must make difficult decisions regarding how to effectively respond. The public health emergency preparedness and response (PHEPR) system, with its multifaceted mission to prevent, protect against, quickly respond to, and recover from public health emergencies, is inherently complex and encompasses policies, organizations, and programs. Since the events of September 11, 2001, the United States has invested billions of dollars and immeasurable amounts of human capital to develop and enhance public health emergency preparedness and infrastructure to respond to a wide range of public health threats, including infectious diseases, natural disasters, and chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear events. Despite the investments in research and the growing body of empirical literature on a range of preparedness and response capabilities and functions, there has been no national-level, comprehensive review and grading of evidence for public health emergency preparedness and response practices comparable to those utilized in medicine and other public health fields. Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response reviews the state of the evidence on PHEPR practices and the improvements necessary to move the field forward and to strengthen the PHEPR system. This publication evaluates PHEPR evidence to understand the balance of benefits and harms of PHEPR practices, with a focus on four main areas of PHEPR: engagement with and training of community-based partners to improve the outcomes of at-risk populations after public health emergencies; activation of a public health emergency operations center; communication of public health alerts and guidance to technical audiences during a public health emergency; and implementation of quarantine to reduce the spread of contagious illness.

Integrated Research on Disaster Risks

Integrated Research on Disaster Risks PDF Author: Riyanti Djalante
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030555631
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 356

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Book Description
This book is a collection of works written by young scientists involved in the Integrated Disaster Risk Research (IRDR). Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) is a decade-long research programme co-sponsored by the International Science Council (merged by International Council for Science (ICSU), the International Social Science Council (ISSC), and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR). It is a global, multi-disciplinary approach to dealing with the challenges brought by natural disasters, mitigating their impacts, and improving related policy-making mechanisms. The book examines multidisciplinary research and actions related to disaster risk reduction internationally. The Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) Young Scientists programme is: • A sub-programme within IRDR which promotes capacity building of young professionals and encourages them to undertake innovative and need-based research which makes science–policy and science–practice linkages stronger. • IRDR Young Scientists Programme was started in late 2016. Currently, it is a community of 115 young researchers from over 40 countries after 3 batches of application. • IRDR network and partners provide academic advice and training courses, workshops, and programmes for IRDR young scientists. • IRDR young scientists contribute to innovative research in the field of disaster risk reduction and participate in conferences and/or social media as the ambassador of IRDR. The book is of interest to researchers and scholars in the field of governance of sustainability and environmental governance. Postgraduate students will benefit this book within courses on environmental governance, on climate change governance, and on transformation and social change processes. Societal actors in climate change adaptation and other environmental governance fields on local, national, and international levels can benefit from the focus on societally relevant findings in the past 10 years of research on adaptiveness.

Advancing the Nation's Health

Advancing the Nation's Health PDF Author:
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437923313
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 141

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Book Description
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. As a step toward fostering strategic investments in public health research and science, the CDC developed this comprehensive guide. To achieve practical, cost-effective policies, programs, and practices that improve health, the field of public health will need to place a high priority on interdisciplinary, cross-cutting research that facilitates innovations and helps inform many program areas. Researchers at CDC are aligning their work and research efforts to achieve specific Health Protection Goals that focus on four inter-related areas: healthy people across all stages of life; healthy places and communities; preparedness against infectious, occupational, environmental and terrorist threats; and improved global health. Charts and tables.

Patty's Industrial Hygiene, 4 Volume Set

Patty's Industrial Hygiene, 4 Volume Set PDF Author: Vernon E. Rose
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047076953X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 2875

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Book Description
Since the first edition in 1948, Patty’s Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology has become a flagship publication for Wiley. In the course of its nearly six decades in print, it has evolved into a standard reference for the fields of occupational health and toxicology. The volumes on Industrial Hygiene are cornerstone reference works for chemists, engineers, toxicologists, and occupational safety personnel. Since the 5th edition was published, the field of IH has changed with personnel often working for multinational firms, self-employed, at small consulting firms. Their environment has changed and expanded, and thus also the types of information and resources required have changed. The traditional areas of interest to occupational health and safety professionals include anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of potential hazards. In addition to these, the 6th edition provides information and reliable resources to prepare for natural disasters, exposures to biological agents and potential acts of terrorism.

Koenig and Schultz's Disaster Medicine

Koenig and Schultz's Disaster Medicine PDF Author: Kristi L. Koenig
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107040752
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 785

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Book Description
This is the definitive reference on disaster medicine, outlining areas of proficiency for health care professionals handling mass casualty crises.