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The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind

The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind PDF Author: Julian Jaynes
Publisher: Mariner Books
ISBN: 9780618057078
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 491

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Book Description
What is human consciousness, where did it come from, and how does it determine who we are and how we live in the world? At the heart of this book is the theory that human consciousness did not develop over time--that, in fact, ancient peoples from mesopotamia to Peru did not "think" as we do and therefore were not conscious. Drawing on laboratory studies of the brain and clos examination of archaeological evidence, the author concludes that consciousness is not a product of evolution but of catastrophic events in our own history, events that occurred as recently as three thousand years ago.

The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind

The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind PDF Author: Julian Jaynes
Publisher: Mariner Books
ISBN: 9780618057078
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 491

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Book Description
What is human consciousness, where did it come from, and how does it determine who we are and how we live in the world? At the heart of this book is the theory that human consciousness did not develop over time--that, in fact, ancient peoples from mesopotamia to Peru did not "think" as we do and therefore were not conscious. Drawing on laboratory studies of the brain and clos examination of archaeological evidence, the author concludes that consciousness is not a product of evolution but of catastrophic events in our own history, events that occurred as recently as three thousand years ago.

Summary of Julian Jaynes's The Origin of Consciousness In The Breakdown Of The Bicameral Mind

Summary of Julian Jaynes's The Origin of Consciousness In The Breakdown Of The Bicameral Mind PDF Author: Everest Media,
Publisher: Everest Media LLC
ISBN: 1669352188
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 23

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Book Description
Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 We feel very certain that consciousness is the basis of concepts, learning, and reasoning. But upon closer inspection, all of these statements are false. They are the misconceptions that have prevented a solution to the problem of the origin of consciousness. #2 The distinction between reactivity and consciousness is important in everyday life. We are constantly reacting to things without being conscious of them. We are only conscious of what we are reacting to from time to time. #3 Consciousness is a much smaller part of our mental life than we are aware of. We cannot be aware of what we are not aware of. The timing of consciousness is also an interesting question. When we are awake, do we always feel like we are conscious. #4 Consciousness is often unnecessary, and it can be quite undesirable. We are constantly performing complex tasks without being aware of them, and this is how we live our lives.

Medicine, Mind, and the Double Brain

Medicine, Mind, and the Double Brain PDF Author: Anne Harrington
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691024227
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
The description for this book, Medicine, Mind, and the Double Brain: A Study in Nineteenth-Century Thought, will be forthcoming.

The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind

The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind PDF Author: Julian Jaynes
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0547527543
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 508

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Book Description
National Book Award Finalist: “This man’s ideas may be the most influential, not to say controversial, of the second half of the twentieth century.”—Columbus Dispatch At the heart of this classic, seminal book is Julian Jaynes's still-controversial thesis that human consciousness did not begin far back in animal evolution but instead is a learned process that came about only three thousand years ago and is still developing. The implications of this revolutionary scientific paradigm extend into virtually every aspect of our psychology, our history and culture, our religion—and indeed our future. “Don’t be put off by the academic title of Julian Jaynes’s The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. Its prose is always lucid and often lyrical…he unfolds his case with the utmost intellectual rigor.”—The New York Times “When Julian Jaynes . . . speculates that until late in the twentieth millennium BC men had no consciousness but were automatically obeying the voices of the gods, we are astounded but compelled to follow this remarkable thesis.”—John Updike, The New Yorker “He is as startling as Freud was in The Interpretation of Dreams, and Jaynes is equally as adept at forcing a new view of known human behavior.”—American Journal of Psychiatry

The Jaynes Legacy

The Jaynes Legacy PDF Author: Lawrence Wile
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
ISBN: 184540971X
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
Languages : en
Pages : 250

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Book Description
Julian Jaynes' 1976 book, The Origins of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, continues to arouse an unsettling ambivalence. Richard Dawkins called it "either complete rubbish or a work of consummate genius, nothing in between". The present book suggests that the bicameral mind is a phantasm; the dating of the origin of consciousness contradicts archeological and literary evidence; and the theory contributes nothing toward explaining why some physical states are conscious while others are not because the nonconscious bicameral brain is neurophysiologically equivalent to the conscious brain. However, the author pays tribute to Jaynes's work as a work of "consummate genius" because it compels us to re-evaluate the significance of humankind's earliest traditions and texts that might shine light on the "very suspicious totem of evolutionary mythology" that consciousness has evolved continuously and gradually from worms to man. The present book suggests that the evolution of the relationship between consciousnesses, mass, energy, and spacetime radically changed nearly 6,000 years ago during the epigenetic, evolutionary degeneration of a little-known, threadlike structure originating from the center of the central nervous system called Reissner's fiber. The earliest Egyptian, Hebrew, Indian and Chinese traditions, buried beneath the dust of fallen Babel and thousands of years of distortions and disguisings, describe this process during the origin of religion and mystical traditions.

Knowledge by Ritual

Knowledge by Ritual PDF Author: Dru Johnson
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 1575064324
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 310

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Book Description
What do rituals have to do with knowledge? Knowledge by Ritual examines the epistemological role of rites in Christian Scripture. By putting biblical rituals in conversation with philosophical and scientific views of knowledge, Johnson argues that knowing is a skilled adeptness in both the biblical literature and scientific enterprise. If rituals are a way of thinking in community akin to scientific communities, then the biblical emphasis on rites that lead to knowledge cannot be ignored. Practicing a rite to know occurs frequently in the Hebrew Bible. YHWH answers Abram’s skepticism—“How shall I know that I will possess the land?”—with a ritual intended to make him know (Gen 15:7–21). The recurring rites of Sabbath (Exod 31:13) and dwelling in a Sukkah (Lev 23:43) direct Israel toward discernment of an event’s enduring significance. Likewise, building stone memorials aims at the knowledge of generations to come (Josh 4:6). Though the New Testament appropriates the Torah rites through strategic reemployment, the primary questions of sacramental theology have often presumed that rites are symbolically encoded. Hence, understanding sacraments has sometimes been reduced to decoding the symbols of the rite. Knowledge by Ritual argues that the rites of Israel, as portrayed in the biblical texts, disposed Israelites to recognize something they could not have seen apart from their participation. By examining the epistemological function of rituals, Johnson’s monograph gives readers a new set of questions to explore both the sacraments of Israel and contemporary sacramental theology.

Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis PDF Author: Fred Goodwin
Publisher: Lichtenstein Creative Media
ISBN: 188806482X
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 22

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Book Description
In this hour, we explore Psychoanalysis, including what's new since Freud's day, new theories on the unconscious, and the role of the analyst's couch in movies.Guests include: Dr. Glen Gabbard, Professor of Psychiatry and Director of the Baylor Psychiatry Clinic at the Baylor College of Medicine and author of "Love and Hate in the Analytic Setting" and "Psychiatry and the Cinema;" Dr. Susan Vaughan, author of "The Talking Cure: The Science Behind Psychotherapy;" Dr. Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, a philosopher and psychoanalyst whose books include "Cherishment: A Psychology of the Heart" and "Anna Freud: A Biography." Plus, we'll talk to writer, director and producer David Grubin about his new film "Young Dr. Freud" and to psychoanalyst Dr. Frederick Levenson about the new matchmaking service, Theradate.

More than Music

More than Music PDF Author: Lawrence English
Publisher: Algora Publishing
ISBN: 1628944420
Category : Music
Languages : en
Pages : 166

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Book Description
Pink Floyd tapped into the deep roots people have in philosophy, psychology, religion, literature, and history, and their 1973 album The Dark Side of the Moon continues to appeal to people after almost fifty years. This book explains how the album evokes and resonates with so many cultural chords in all of us. "More Than Music is a rigorous examination of one of the most enduring records of all time, Pink Floyd’s The Dark Side of the Moon. Analyzing the album from many different avenues, the book provides clear correlations of the music and lyrics to many aspects of human culture, from ancient times to the present. Each song is examined line by line to show how the album evokes and ties together themes from myriad philosophical, mythological, psychological, religious, historical, literary, and other cultural sources. The book shows how William James and Carl Jung, Ecclesiastes and Kierkegaard, D.H. Lawrence and T.S. Eliot, Horace and Orwell, Jesus and Buddha, Beethoven and Strauss, William Blake and Jean-Paul Sartre, The Beatles and Gilbert and Sullivan resonate throughout The Dark Side of the Moon. They are among the most powerful sources of who we are and why. Coming to see how the album knits together so many diverse elements into a seamless whole, the interplay of many factors that make up society is illuminated. This book will give readers a new way of looking at how the factors of philosophy, religion, psychology, mythology, literature and poetry, history and politics derive meaning and depth from each other. Readers will never listen to The Dark Side of the Moon the same way, but they’ll never look at the underlying factors the same way again, either.

The "Other" Psychology of Julian Jaynes

The Author: Brian J. McVeigh
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
ISBN: 1845409736
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 359

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Book Description
In his provocative but critically acclaimed theory about the origin of introspectable mentality, Julian Jaynes argued that until the late second millennium people possessed a different psychology: a "two-chambered" (bicameral) neurocultural arrangement in which a commanding "god" guided, admonished, and ordered about a listening "mortal" via voices, visions, and visitations. Out of the cauldron of civilizational collapse and chaos, an adaptive self-reflexive consciousness emerged better suited to the pressures of larger, more complex sociopolitical systems. Though often described as boldly iconoclastic and far ahead of it time, Jaynes's thinking actually resonates with a "second" or "other" psychological tradition that explores the cultural-historical evolution of psyche. Brian J. McVeigh, a student of Jaynes, points out the blind spots of mainstream, establishment psychology by providing empirical support for Jaynes's ideas on sociohistorical shifts in cognition. He argues that from around 3500 to 1000 BCE the archaeological and historical record reveals features of hallucinatory super-religiosity in every known civilization. As social pressures eroded the god-centered authority of bicamerality, an upgraded psychology of interiorized self-awareness arose during the Late Bronze Age Collapse. A key explanatory component of Jaynes's theorizing was how metaphors constructed a mental landscape populated with "I's" and "me's" that replaced a declining worldview dominated by gods, ancestors, and spirits. McVeigh statistically substantiates how linguo-conceptual changes reflected psychohistorical developments; because supernatural entities functioned in place of our inner selves, vocabularies for psychological terms were strikingly limited in ancient languages. McVeigh also demonstrates the surprising ubiquity of "hearing voices" in modern times, contending that hallucinations are bicameral vestiges and that mental imagery - a controllable, semi-hallucinatory experience - is the successor to the divine hallucinations that once held societies together. This thought-provoking work will appeal to anyone interested in the transformative power of metaphors, the development of mental lexicons, and the adaptive role of hallucinations.

How Religion Evolved

How Religion Evolved PDF Author: Brian McVeigh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351514830
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 310

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Book Description
Why did many religious leaders—Moses, Old Testament prophets, Zoroaster—claim they heard divine voices? Why do ancient civilizations exhibit key similarities, e.g., the "living dead" (treating the dead as if they were still alive); "speaking idols" (care and feeding of effigies); monumental mortuary architecture and "houses of gods" (pyramids, ziggurats, temples)? How do we explain strange behaviour such as spirit possession, speaking in tongues, channelling, hypnosis, and schizophrenic hallucinations? Are these lingering vestiges of an older mentality? Brian J. McVeigh answers these riddles by updating "bicameralism." First proposed by the psychologist Julian Jaynes, this theory postulates that an earlier mentality existed: a "human" (the brain's left hemisphere) heard voices of "gods" or "ancestors" (the brain's right hemisphere). Therefore, ancient religious texts reporting divine voices were recounting of audio-visual hallucinations—a method of social control when early populations expanded. As growing political economic complexity destabilized god-governed states in the late second millennium BCE, divine voices became inadequate. Eventually, humans had to culturally acquire new cognitive skills (modern religions) to accommodate increasing social pressures: selves replaced the gods and history witnessed an "inward turn." This psychological interiorization of spiritual experience laid the foundations for the world's great religions and philosophies that arose in India, China, Greece, and the Middle East in the middle of the first millennium BCE.