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Study on the Adjustment Behaviour of Investment Strategy of Multinational Corporatation [i.e Corporation] in China

Study on the Adjustment Behaviour of Investment Strategy of Multinational Corporatation [i.e Corporation] in China PDF Author: Wei He
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 456

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Book Description
Since the commencing of the economic reform in late 1970s, Chinese government has encouraged foreign investment and companies to participate in the country's development. In the past two decades, most MNCs have experienced rapid growth in various industries, benefited a lot from the country's economic growth and meanwhile gained more and more experience as new policies created such opportunities, while there were also some cases exceptional. More than 400 of the Fortune 500 have extended their business into China and most of them have the intention to increase the investment. The convergence of numerous MNCs operating in China presents us a unique chance to examine the strategic adaptation ability of the MNCs' subsidiaries in China, which is supposed to provide certain strategic implications for managerial decision. This dissertation will examine the antecedents and consequences of strategic change in China Shanghai between 1996 and 2007. In the tenth Five-year Plan period, China's economy developed quickly, MNES strategy changed accordingly. The gross sum of FDI of MNEs in China yearly enlarged. Especially in Shanghai, it's more obvious. Many MNEs increased investment by a large margin. Chinese Government also sees FDI as a dominant importance. The MNES' strategy had undergone a major change in its competitive environment. The thesis firstly introduces research subject, implications, research main ideas and research methods. Then, in part 1, we analyze research findings achieved by foreign and Chinese scholars, and especially illustrate the history of MNEs and literature on MNEs activities, and then describe the literatures on the strategic management. Part 2 analyzes the investment strategies of MNEs in China and the development of China's investment policy concerning the FDI, and then describes the background of the adjustment concerning the investment strategies of MNEs in China. Part 3 is an empirical research, and the thesis tries to build up a model on a macroeconomic level to study the investment strategy adjustment of MNES in Shanghai. Part 3 is the most important part. The thesis analyzes the investment adjustment of MNES in Shanghai based on the empirical analysis, and puts forward the conclusions of the study on the investment adjustment of MNES in Shanghai in different perspectives. At last, we demonstrate the obligating effects of different policies and put forward many proposals concerning the strategies adjustment of MNES. The main innovation idea is the empirical research concerning the investment strategy adjustment of MNES in Shanghai on a statistical and econometric basis.

Study on the Adjustment Behaviour of Investment Strategy of Multinational Corporatation [i.e Corporation] in China

Study on the Adjustment Behaviour of Investment Strategy of Multinational Corporatation [i.e Corporation] in China PDF Author: Wei He
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 456

View

Book Description
Since the commencing of the economic reform in late 1970s, Chinese government has encouraged foreign investment and companies to participate in the country's development. In the past two decades, most MNCs have experienced rapid growth in various industries, benefited a lot from the country's economic growth and meanwhile gained more and more experience as new policies created such opportunities, while there were also some cases exceptional. More than 400 of the Fortune 500 have extended their business into China and most of them have the intention to increase the investment. The convergence of numerous MNCs operating in China presents us a unique chance to examine the strategic adaptation ability of the MNCs' subsidiaries in China, which is supposed to provide certain strategic implications for managerial decision. This dissertation will examine the antecedents and consequences of strategic change in China Shanghai between 1996 and 2007. In the tenth Five-year Plan period, China's economy developed quickly, MNES strategy changed accordingly. The gross sum of FDI of MNEs in China yearly enlarged. Especially in Shanghai, it's more obvious. Many MNEs increased investment by a large margin. Chinese Government also sees FDI as a dominant importance. The MNES' strategy had undergone a major change in its competitive environment. The thesis firstly introduces research subject, implications, research main ideas and research methods. Then, in part 1, we analyze research findings achieved by foreign and Chinese scholars, and especially illustrate the history of MNEs and literature on MNEs activities, and then describe the literatures on the strategic management. Part 2 analyzes the investment strategies of MNEs in China and the development of China's investment policy concerning the FDI, and then describes the background of the adjustment concerning the investment strategies of MNEs in China. Part 3 is an empirical research, and the thesis tries to build up a model on a macroeconomic level to study the investment strategy adjustment of MNES in Shanghai. Part 3 is the most important part. The thesis analyzes the investment adjustment of MNES in Shanghai based on the empirical analysis, and puts forward the conclusions of the study on the investment adjustment of MNES in Shanghai in different perspectives. At last, we demonstrate the obligating effects of different policies and put forward many proposals concerning the strategies adjustment of MNES. The main innovation idea is the empirical research concerning the investment strategy adjustment of MNES in Shanghai on a statistical and econometric basis.

Multinational Firms, Innovation and Productivity

Multinational Firms, Innovation and Productivity PDF Author: D. Castellani
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1847201598
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 262

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Book Description
The book assumes an original place in the literature. . . Castellani and Zanfei show that the economic impact of MNEs on innovation and productivity depends on evolutionary features of firms and industries, particularly on the heterogeneity of firm strategies and behaviours. . . this volume contains high-quality, well-written research. . . Simona Iammarino, Research Policy . . . this book offers the reader a well-written and very comprehensive analysis on the link between innovation and internalization which leads to insights into firm heterogeneity. The authors have succeeded in synthesizing the vast body of theoretical and empirical research and given an up-to-date overview of the various issues involved. This is then complemented with their own research findings. . . The book will undoubtedly enrich the debate on the behavior and impact of MNEs. Yama Temouri, Journal of International Business Studies Davide Castellani and Antonello Zanfei, two well-known Italian economists, have brought forth an excellent new book. . . I think this book will serve as a starting-point for many interesting studies, both because of its findings and because of its empirical and theoretical rigour. . . the book lays an excellent and empirically well founded foundation that opens the way for what we need most in research on the international innovatory activities and R&D configurations of MNCs: intrafirm data and the study of intrafirm processes, configurations and specific interactions with the host country environment. The book to me is an important step in moving innovation research forward in this direction. . . I am sure that this book will serve as a thought-provoking starting point for many future studies on firms international innovatory activities and therefore recommend it without any reservation. Marcus M. Keupp, Creativity and Innovation Management Castellani and Zanfei have developed an original and comprehensive analysis of the role of multinational firms in the transfer, creation and diffusion of technology. By developing their view of the multinationals as double network institutions , the authors provide new insights on a variety of key issues at the frontier of economics of international production and innovation. This book is thought-provoking, incisive and topical, and should be required reading for both economists and policymakers alike. Rajneesh Narula, University of Reading, UK Castellani and Zanfei present an in-depth theoretical and empirical analysis of the key issues underpinning the relationship between innovation and multinationality. This book is strongly-recommended reading for any researcher working on innovation or multinationality or the interface between the two. Grazia Ietto-Gillies, London South Bank University, UK This book gets to the root of how and why multinational firms differ in the cross-border creation, transfer and diffusion of technology, and provides fresh evidence on the effects that these differences have on productivity and innovation in the economic systems in which they are active. Davide Castellani and Antonello Zanfei consider multinationals as heterogeneous institutions that combine internal networks of subsidiaries with external networks of collaborative linkages, to bridge different economic and innovation systems. They examine heterogeneity in productivity and innovative behaviour between multinational and national firms, as well as across and within multinationals. The authors argue that not every foreign firm is a good source of externality, and not every domestic firm is equally well placed to benefit from multinationals. It is shown that spillovers from multinationals differ according to the technological profiles, embeddedness and linkage creation of both foreign and domestic firms active in local markets. The book supports this view with empirical evidence based on illustrative case studies, and on econometric analysis using extensive firm-level datasets on multinati

2014 International Conference on Social Science and and Environment Protection (SSEP2014)

2014 International Conference on Social Science and and Environment Protection (SSEP2014) PDF Author:
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1605951617
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 985

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Book Description
This conference promises to be both informative and stimulating with a wonderful program. Delegates will have a wide range of sessions to choose from and will have a difficult to choose which session to attend. The program consists of invited session, technical workshop and discussions covering a wide range of topics in social science including communication, culture, economics, education, finance, law, management, politics, psychology and society. This rich program provides all attendees with the opportunities to meet and interact with one another. We hope that your experience with SSEP2014 is a fruitful and long lasting one.

BRICS and International Tax Law

BRICS and International Tax Law PDF Author: Peter Antony Wilson
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041194363
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 384

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Book Description
With the ongoing expansion of outbound foreign direct investment (FDI) in the countries representing the BRICS economic bloc (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) – and with all of them at the same time listed among the top seven countries plagued by tax evasion and avoidance in the guise of illicit out ows – the ve governments, both individually and through cooperative initiatives, have devised new international tax strategies that are proving to be of great interest and value to other countries, both developing and developed. The core of these strategies addresses the necessity of stemming the out ow of revenue while strongly supporting FDI, both inbound and outbound while complying with international obligations including those arising from human rights laws. This book is the rst in-depth commentary on this new and evolving area of international tax law. The detailed analysis covers the entire eld of BRICS international tax law, considering topics such as the following: – information exchange procedures and pitfalls; – response to the OECD’s Base Erosion and Pro t-Sharing (BEPS) initiative; – role of bilateral and multilateral double taxation conventions including the Multilateral Instrument and the Bilateral Investment Treaties; – thin capitalization; – transfer pricing; – controlled foreign corporation rules; – shortcomings related to authorities’ limited manpower; – international audit and investigation procedures; – the BRICS approach to residence and mandatory and binding arbitration; and – the BRICS approach to shaping the developing world’s international tax system. Notably, the author personally conducted interviews with senior international representatives of the BRICS tax authorities, as well as with leading BRICS academics and practitioners. Tax cases, together with human rights and investment cases and administrative guidelines in all ve countries are also included in the analysis. The study concludes with recommendations for improving each of the ve countries’ tax law and procedures, especially in the area of dispute resolution. The author’s goal is to extend the existing body of knowledge of the BRICS’ international tax laws in order to assist in developing an understanding of the BRICS approach to dealing with evasion and avoidance: an approach which facilitates both outbound and inbound FDI, simpli es tax authority administration and establishes a basis for resolving international disputes which is compatible with sovereignty. In achieving this objective, the author has produced a major work that is of immeasurable value to tax advisers, government and governance of cials, academics and researchers both in developing international taxation strategies and in helping to resolve disputes with tax authorities.

Rebalancing Economies in Financially Integrating East Asia

Rebalancing Economies in Financially Integrating East Asia PDF Author: Jenny Corbett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317596463
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 270

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Book Description
Since the Asian Financial Crisis (AFC) of 1997–98 large current account surpluses have accumulated in the countries of Asia and the Pacific with corresponding deficits elsewhere. The sharp plunge in global trade volumes during the global financial crisis has highlighted the need for ‘rebalancing’–focussing more on domestic sources of economic growth than on exports in some Asian economies. One key objective of the book is to elucidate the economic structures and policies that give rise to current account surpluses and imbalances and consider what policy adjustments could change them. Another objective is to show the link between financial systems, financial integration and the transmission of economic shocks between countries. The book offers new dimensions to understand ‘rebalancing’ and provides alternative and arguably more fundamental solutions to address imbalances. Rather than focusing on exchange rate misalignment, this book begins from the premise that the imbalances are a macroeconomic problem that reflects a mismatch between savings and investment in the surplus countries. Then, it examines exchange rate policies adopted by countries in the region and finds that part of the explanation for their currency strategy lies in their perceived need to build foreign exchange reserves to provide a buffer in case of instabilities. The book examines whether there are other possibilities for countries to insure against economic volatility by more actively and openly engaging with international capital markets. The studies show that closer financial integration, involving more open financial markets, with well-chosen partners, would be welfare-improving and should reduce the need for the counter-productive, self-insurance policies that result in foreign exchange accumulation.

Business Research Yearbook

Business Research Yearbook PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Business
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description


The Rise of the Chinese Consumer

The Rise of the Chinese Consumer PDF Author: Jonathan Garner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470026901
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 312

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Book Description
In this book Jonathan Garner and his colleagues at Credit Suisse First Boston, argue that by 2014 the Chinese consumer will likely have displaced the US consumer as the engine of growth in the global economy. Government policy is rebalancing demand within the Chinese economy from investment spending to consumption spending. Strong trend economic growth over the cycle, a rise in the consumption to GDP ratio and steady exchange rate appreciation will likely generate an 18% compound annual growth rate in the US dollar value of Chinese consumption spending over the next ten years and lead to a quadrupling in China's share of global consumption spending. In order to identify the companies and brands which are best placed to succeed in China's rapidly developing mass consumer market, Garner and his colleagues discuss the results of the first comprehensive survey of consumer attitudes and preferences to have been conducted in China, covering 2,700 persons in eight major Chinese cities. This survey provides valuable data for the business executive or academic seeking detailed local information on sectors including automobiles, beverages, electronic goods, financial services, food producers, food retail, food services, household & personal care, luxury goods, telecommunication equipment, tobacco, and transport and leisure travel. "China is likely to be the single most important influence on the fortunes of investors and corporates alike over the next five years, and yet little is known of what motivates and drives the Chinese consumer. By canvassing the people that matter and reflect the changing face of this massive country, Jonathan Garner has provided investors with a unique insight." Philip Ehrmann, Head of Pacific & Emerging Markets, Gartmore Investment Management Plc.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Dissertations, Academic
Languages : en
Pages :

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Economic Crises and the Breakdown of Authoritarian Regimes

Economic Crises and the Breakdown of Authoritarian Regimes PDF Author: Thomas B. Pepinsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521767938
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 326

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Book Description
Thomas B. Pepinsky examines how coalitions and capital mobility in Indonesia and Malaysia shape the links between financial crises and regime change.

Strategic Human Resource Management

Strategic Human Resource Management PDF Author: Gary Rees
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1529755948
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 607

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Book Description
Whether you are studying at undergraduate or postgraduate level, our stellar team of expert authors will guide you through the key topics of human resource management from strategic and international perspectives. Starting with the fundamentals of each topic and progressing through to critical evaluation, the 3rd edition includes: Even more international case studies from across Europe, Asia, Australia and the Middle East – which bring the theory and academic underpinning to life A wide range of Reflective Activities that encourage you to consider the real-world implications of what you have learnt An updated companion website featuring a wealth of resources for lecturers and students, including an Instructor’s Manual, PowerPoint slides, a Testbank, recommended journal articles and additional business cases