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Strategic Adjustment and the Rise of China

Strategic Adjustment and the Rise of China PDF Author: Robert S. Ross
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501712764
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 316

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Book Description
Strategic Adjustment and the Rise of China demonstrates how structural and domestic variables influence how East Asian states adjust their strategy in light of the rise of China, including how China manages its own emerging role as a regional great power. The contributors note that the shifting regional balance of power has fueled escalating tensions in East Asia and suggest that adjustment challenges are exacerbated by the politics of policymaking. International and domestic pressures on policymaking are reflected in maritime territorial disputes and in the broader range of regional security issues created by the rise of China.Adjusting to power shifts and managing a new regional order in the face of inevitable domestic pressure, including nationalism, is a challenging process. Both the United States and China have had to adjust to China's expanded capabilities. China has sought an expanded influence in maritime East Asia; the United States has responded by consolidating its alliances and expanding its naval presence in East Asia. The region's smaller countries have also adjusted to the rise of China. They have sought greater cooperation with China, even as they try to sustain cooperation with the United States. As China continues to rise and challenge the regional security order, the contributors consider whether the region is destined to experience increased conflict and confrontation.ContributorsIan Bowers, Norwegian Defence University College and Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies Daniel W. Drezner, Tufts University, Brookings Institution, and Washington Post Taylor M. Fravel, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Bjørn Elias Mikalsen Grønning, Norwegian Defence University College and Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies Chung-in Moon, Yonsei University and Chairman, Presidential Committee on Northeast Asia Cooperation Initiative, Republic of Korea James Reilly, University of Sydney Robert S. Ross, Boston College and Harvard University Randall L. Schweller, The Ohio State University ystein Tunsjø, Norwegian Defence University College and the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies Wang Dong, Peking University

Strategic Adjustment and the Rise of China

Strategic Adjustment and the Rise of China PDF Author: Robert S. Ross
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501712764
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 316

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Book Description
Strategic Adjustment and the Rise of China demonstrates how structural and domestic variables influence how East Asian states adjust their strategy in light of the rise of China, including how China manages its own emerging role as a regional great power. The contributors note that the shifting regional balance of power has fueled escalating tensions in East Asia and suggest that adjustment challenges are exacerbated by the politics of policymaking. International and domestic pressures on policymaking are reflected in maritime territorial disputes and in the broader range of regional security issues created by the rise of China.Adjusting to power shifts and managing a new regional order in the face of inevitable domestic pressure, including nationalism, is a challenging process. Both the United States and China have had to adjust to China's expanded capabilities. China has sought an expanded influence in maritime East Asia; the United States has responded by consolidating its alliances and expanding its naval presence in East Asia. The region's smaller countries have also adjusted to the rise of China. They have sought greater cooperation with China, even as they try to sustain cooperation with the United States. As China continues to rise and challenge the regional security order, the contributors consider whether the region is destined to experience increased conflict and confrontation.ContributorsIan Bowers, Norwegian Defence University College and Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies Daniel W. Drezner, Tufts University, Brookings Institution, and Washington Post Taylor M. Fravel, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Bjørn Elias Mikalsen Grønning, Norwegian Defence University College and Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies Chung-in Moon, Yonsei University and Chairman, Presidential Committee on Northeast Asia Cooperation Initiative, Republic of Korea James Reilly, University of Sydney Robert S. Ross, Boston College and Harvard University Randall L. Schweller, The Ohio State University ystein Tunsjø, Norwegian Defence University College and the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies Wang Dong, Peking University

Contemporary Logistics in China

Contemporary Logistics in China PDF Author: Bing-lian Liu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642335675
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 206

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Book Description
This present report, as a second volume of the series entitled “Contemporary Logistics in China: an Introduction,” follows the same general conceptual organization, yet with updated analysis and discussion of logistics development, under the backdrop of the aftermath of the international financial crisis, the acceleration of the transformation of development mode and the strategic adjustment of the economic structure.

The Return of Bipolarity in World Politics

The Return of Bipolarity in World Politics PDF Author: Øystein Tunsjø
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780231176545
Category : POLITICAL SCIENCE
Languages : en
Pages : 271

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Book Description
Øystein Tunsjø shows that the international system is moving toward a U.S.-China standoff. He arguea that the combined effects of the narrowing power gap between China and the United States and the widening power gap between China and any third-ranking power portend a new bipolarity that will differ in crucial ways from that of the last century.

Study on the Adjustment Behaviour of Investment Strategy of Multinational Corporatation [i.e Corporation] in China

Study on the Adjustment Behaviour of Investment Strategy of Multinational Corporatation [i.e Corporation] in China PDF Author: Wei He
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 456

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Book Description
Since the commencing of the economic reform in late 1970s, Chinese government has encouraged foreign investment and companies to participate in the country's development. In the past two decades, most MNCs have experienced rapid growth in various industries, benefited a lot from the country's economic growth and meanwhile gained more and more experience as new policies created such opportunities, while there were also some cases exceptional. More than 400 of the Fortune 500 have extended their business into China and most of them have the intention to increase the investment. The convergence of numerous MNCs operating in China presents us a unique chance to examine the strategic adaptation ability of the MNCs' subsidiaries in China, which is supposed to provide certain strategic implications for managerial decision. This dissertation will examine the antecedents and consequences of strategic change in China Shanghai between 1996 and 2007. In the tenth Five-year Plan period, China's economy developed quickly, MNES strategy changed accordingly. The gross sum of FDI of MNEs in China yearly enlarged. Especially in Shanghai, it's more obvious. Many MNEs increased investment by a large margin. Chinese Government also sees FDI as a dominant importance. The MNES' strategy had undergone a major change in its competitive environment. The thesis firstly introduces research subject, implications, research main ideas and research methods. Then, in part 1, we analyze research findings achieved by foreign and Chinese scholars, and especially illustrate the history of MNEs and literature on MNEs activities, and then describe the literatures on the strategic management. Part 2 analyzes the investment strategies of MNEs in China and the development of China's investment policy concerning the FDI, and then describes the background of the adjustment concerning the investment strategies of MNEs in China. Part 3 is an empirical research, and the thesis tries to build up a model on a macroeconomic level to study the investment strategy adjustment of MNES in Shanghai. Part 3 is the most important part. The thesis analyzes the investment adjustment of MNES in Shanghai based on the empirical analysis, and puts forward the conclusions of the study on the investment adjustment of MNES in Shanghai in different perspectives. At last, we demonstrate the obligating effects of different policies and put forward many proposals concerning the strategies adjustment of MNES. The main innovation idea is the empirical research concerning the investment strategy adjustment of MNES in Shanghai on a statistical and econometric basis.

Chinese Foreign Policy Under Xi

Chinese Foreign Policy Under Xi PDF Author: Tiang Boon Hoo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317242661
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 210

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Book Description
There has been a discernable calibration of Chinese foreign policy since the ascension of Xi Jinping to the top leadership positions in China. The operative term here is adjustment rather than renovation because there has not been a fundamental transformation of Chinese foreign policy or "setting up of a new kitchen" in foreign affairs. Several continuities in Chinese diplomacy are still evident. The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has not wavered from its overarching strategy of rising through peaceful development. The PRC is still an active participant and leader in, or shaper of, global and regional regimes even as it continues to push for reforms of the extant order, towards an arrangement which it thinks will be less unjust and more equitable. It seeks to better "link up with the international track", perhaps even more so under Xi’s stewardship. Yet amidst these continuities, it is clear that there have been some profound shifts in China’s foreign policy. From the enunciation of strategic slogans such as the "Asian security concept" and "major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics"; the creation of the China-led and initiated Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank; the pursuit of Xi’s signature foreign policy initiative, the One Belt One Road; to a purportedly more assertive and resolute defense of China’s maritime territorial interests in East Asia—examples of these foreign policy calibrations (both patent and subtle) abound. In short, this has not been a complete metamorphosis but there are real changes, with important repercussions for China and the international system. The burning questions then are What, Where, How and Why: What are these key foreign policy adjustments? Where and how have these occurred in Chinese diplomacy? And what are the reasons or drivers that inform these changes? This book seeks to capture these changes. Featuring contributions from academics, think-tank intellectuals and policy practitioners, all engaged in the compelling business of China-watching, the book aims to shed more light on the calibrations that have animated China’s diplomacy under Xi, a leader who by most accounts is considered the most powerful Chinese numero uno since Deng Xiaoping.

The Development of the Cultural Industry in China

The Development of the Cultural Industry in China PDF Author: Huilin Hu
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811933553
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 398

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Book Description
This volume addresses the rapid growth of China’s cultural industry and its significant cultural and economic impact on the country. It considers what exactly constitutes the cultural industry, defining the basis for discussions on issues as the internal tensions constraining China’s cultural industry development. It examines the place of culture and cultural industry in relation to China’s overall development, and what kinds of strategies, policies and concrete measures are most effective in promoting the industry’s growth, exploring the role of Government in Cultural Industrial Development.

Keep Reforming: China’s Strategic Economic Transformation

Keep Reforming: China’s Strategic Economic Transformation PDF Author: Zhong Xu
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811580065
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 266

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Book Description
This book is about China’s economy transformation. Currently, China’s macro-leverage ratio has been effectively controlled, the central market interest rate (one year fixed interest rate) has gone down, and liquidity is now relatively abundant. However, financial institutions are generally reluctant to lend, the local governments are unwilling to act, and the fact that liquidity released by the central bank cannot be effectively transmitted to the real economy is leading to a contraction of credit and higher financing costs for private enterprises. Meanwhile, the downturn in the internal economic cycle has been exacerbated by the external shocks caused by frictions in Sino-US trade, and this set of circumstances has contributed to the polarization of expectations regarding China's real economic prospects and policy trends, as seen, for example, in the questions and discussions about policy trends relevant to the private economy. Indeed, one might claim that the current confusion of expectations even exceeds that of 2008, when the international financial crisis breaks out. From a dialectical perspective, the more pessimistic expectation of economic trend, the easier it is to build consensus on reform, and the more remarkable actual effects of reform, which must be based on a comprehensive understanding of the phased characteristics of China’s economic development. In this book, based on the experience working in central bank of China, the author argues that China’s policy should focus on internal demand. In the coming period, China needs to persevere in the market orientation, step up reform and opening up, and create a favorable business environment. This book represents the following opinions: First, to reach a common understanding of the medium and high economic growth, and avoid the dream of high growth. Second, to stick to supply-side structural reform, accelerate economic transformation and structural adjustment, and further unleash the reform dividends and growth potential. The long-term and structural problems cannot be attributed to short-term and cyclical problems. Third, the challenges of external shocks could be also regarded as opportunities, which include but not limited to accelerate reform to improve property rights protection, state-owned capital management, corporate governance, income distribution, and social security. Fourth, whenever the trade friction happens, a multilateral framework is always helpful.

Conflict After the Cold War

Conflict After the Cold War PDF Author: Richard K. Betts
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000513297
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 722

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Book Description
Edited by one of the most renowned scholars in the field, Richard K. Betts’s Conflict After the Cold War assembles classic and contemporary readings on enduring problems of international security. Offering broad historical and philosophical breadth, the carefully chosen and excerpted selections in this popular reader help students engage in key debates over the future of war and the new forms that violent conflict will take. Conflict After the Cold War encourages closer scrutiny of the political, economic, social, and military factors that drive war and peace. New to the Sixth Edition Eight new readings covering issues that have grown in salience since the previous edition or that present new interpretations of answers to old problems, including pieces by Robert Kagan, Edward O. Wilson, Scott D. Sagan, Robert Jervis and Jason Healey, Jacqueline L. Hazelton, Oystein Tunsjo, and Michael Beckley. Updated volume and chapter introductions and a new reading by Richard K. Betts.

ASEAN and the Rise of China

ASEAN and the Rise of China PDF Author: Ian Storey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136722971
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 385

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Book Description
Since the early 1990s and the end of the Cold War, the implications of China's rising power have come to dominate the security agenda of the Asia-Pacific region. This book is the first to comprehensively chart the development of Southeast Asia’s relations with the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from 1949 to 2010, detailing each of the eleven countries’ ties to the PRC and showing how strategic concerns associated with China's regional posture have been a significant factor in shaping their foreign and defence policies. In addition to assessing bilateral ties, the book also examines the institutionalization of relations between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and China. The first part of the book covers the period 1949-2010: it examines Southeast Asian responses to the PRC in the context of the ideological and geopolitical rivalry of the Cold War; Southeast Asian countries’ policies towards the PRC in first decade of the post-Cold War era; and deepening ties between the ASEAN states and the PRC in the first decade of the twenty-first century. Part Two analyses the evolving relationships between the countries of mainland Southeast Asia - Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia - and China. Part Three reviews ties between the states of maritime Southeast Asia - Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Brunei and East Timor - and the PRC. Whilst the primary focus of the book is the security dimension of Southeast Asia-China relations, it also takes full account of political relations and the burgeoning economic ties between the two sides. This book is a timely contribution to the literature on the fast changing geopolitics of the Asia-Pacific region.

The Return of Bipolarity in World Politics

The Return of Bipolarity in World Politics PDF Author: Øystein Tunsjø
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231546904
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the international system has been unipolar, centered on the United States. But the rise of China foreshadows a change in the distribution of power. Øystein Tunsjø shows that the international system is moving toward a U.S.-China standoff, bringing us back to bipolarity—a system in which no third power can challenge the top two. The Return of Bipolarity in World Politics surveys the new era of superpowers to argue that the combined effects of the narrowing power gap between China and the United States and the widening power gap between China and any third-ranking power portend a new bipolar system that will differ in crucial ways from that of the last century. Tunsjø expands Kenneth N. Waltz’s structural-realist theory to examine the new bipolarity within the context of geopolitics, which he calls “geostructural realism.” He considers how a new bipolar system will affect balancing and stability in U.S.-China relations, predicting that the new bipolarity will not be as prone to arms races as the previous era’s; that the risk of limited war between the two superpowers is likely to be higher in the coming bipolarity, especially since the two powers are primarily rivals at sea rather than on land; and that the superpowers are likely to be preoccupied with rivalry and conflict in East Asia instead of globally. Tunsjø presents a major challenge to how international relations understands superpowers in the twenty-first century.