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Spatial Justice and the City of São Paulo

Spatial Justice and the City of São Paulo PDF Author: Cynthia Wagner
Publisher: diplom.de
ISBN: 3842828535
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 49

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Book Description
Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: Not only time has influence on the formation of societies, but also space. People do not only write history, they also produce spaces. And just like history retroacts on social development processes, space forms society. A socially segregated society is controlled through space. The place of residence of a person already determines a big part of its fixed opportunities and conditions. Also, the living location is already suggested by the social class of a person within a capitalist structured society. Those socio-spatial structures lead to an unjust distribution of all kinds of goods, such as the access to basic living conditions, public services, infrastructure, education and work, and psychologically or socially defined restricted spaces. Injustices therefore can only be cured by changing their spatial manifestations. As Brazil is one of the economically uprising and promising BRIC countries, its development involves chances and risks. If unjust conditions remain, its long-term advancement is rather unlikely. The changes within the country are especially visible and present in its principal metropolis: São Paulo. In order to analyze its present situation in terms of spatially produced social (in)justices, some questions must be answered: How is spatial justice produced and by which processes? How are those processes integrated in Brazil s urbanization development? Which effects does it have on the urban structure of São Paulo? And finally: Which socio-spatial development tendencies do the actual public policies and their realization within the metropolis suggest? In the following, I will outline a theoretical base of the term spatial justice, the development of Brazil - and in this context the effects on São Paulo s urbanization -with respect to its economy, politics, society, history, and especially urbanization in order to analyze São Paulo s socio-spatial development and present situation in a multidimensional context. Applying Henri Lefèbvre s, David Harvey s, and Edward Soja s theories on spatial justice on the public policies of the metropolis since the City Statute of 2001 - a major change in Brazil s urban politics -, I will look into their conformance with the necessary production conditions of spaces of justice. Inhaltsverzeichnis:Table of Contents: 1.Introduction3 2.Concepts of Spatial Justice3 Henri Lefèbvre5 David Harvey6 Edward Soja8 3.Urbanization and Socio-Spatial Segregation in [...]

Spatial Justice and the City of São Paulo

Spatial Justice and the City of São Paulo PDF Author: Cynthia Wagner
Publisher: diplom.de
ISBN: 3842828535
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 49

View

Book Description
Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: Not only time has influence on the formation of societies, but also space. People do not only write history, they also produce spaces. And just like history retroacts on social development processes, space forms society. A socially segregated society is controlled through space. The place of residence of a person already determines a big part of its fixed opportunities and conditions. Also, the living location is already suggested by the social class of a person within a capitalist structured society. Those socio-spatial structures lead to an unjust distribution of all kinds of goods, such as the access to basic living conditions, public services, infrastructure, education and work, and psychologically or socially defined restricted spaces. Injustices therefore can only be cured by changing their spatial manifestations. As Brazil is one of the economically uprising and promising BRIC countries, its development involves chances and risks. If unjust conditions remain, its long-term advancement is rather unlikely. The changes within the country are especially visible and present in its principal metropolis: São Paulo. In order to analyze its present situation in terms of spatially produced social (in)justices, some questions must be answered: How is spatial justice produced and by which processes? How are those processes integrated in Brazil s urbanization development? Which effects does it have on the urban structure of São Paulo? And finally: Which socio-spatial development tendencies do the actual public policies and their realization within the metropolis suggest? In the following, I will outline a theoretical base of the term spatial justice, the development of Brazil - and in this context the effects on São Paulo s urbanization -with respect to its economy, politics, society, history, and especially urbanization in order to analyze São Paulo s socio-spatial development and present situation in a multidimensional context. Applying Henri Lefèbvre s, David Harvey s, and Edward Soja s theories on spatial justice on the public policies of the metropolis since the City Statute of 2001 - a major change in Brazil s urban politics -, I will look into their conformance with the necessary production conditions of spaces of justice. Inhaltsverzeichnis:Table of Contents: 1.Introduction3 2.Concepts of Spatial Justice3 Henri Lefèbvre5 David Harvey6 Edward Soja8 3.Urbanization and Socio-Spatial Segregation in [...]

Architecture and Resilience

Architecture and Resilience PDF Author: Kim Trogal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351659650
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
Resilience will be a defining quality of the twenty-first century. As we witness the increasingly turbulent effects of climate change, the multiple challenges of resource depletion and wage stagnation, we know that our current ways of living are not resilient. Our urban infrastructures, our buildings, our economies, our ways of managing and governing are still too tightly bound to models of unrestrained free-market growth, individualism and consumerism. Research has shown that the crises arising from climate change will become increasingly frequent and increasingly severe. It is also known that the effects of climate change are not evenly distributed across places and people, and neither are the resources needed to meet these challenges. We will need specific responses in place that engage with, and emerge from, citizens ourselves. This volume takes resilience as a transformative concept to ask where and what architecture might contribute. Bringing together cross-disciplinary perspectives from architecture, urban design, art, geography, building science and psychoanalysis, it aims to open up multiple perspectives of research, spatial strategies and projects that are testing how we can build local resilience in preparation for major societal challenges, defining the position of architecture in urban resilience discourse.

Transgressive Citizenship and the Struggle for Social Justice

Transgressive Citizenship and the Struggle for Social Justice PDF Author: Lucy Earle
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319514008
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 318

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Book Description
This book analyses the struggle for social justice in São Paulo, Brazil. It takes the wave of protests that began in the city in 2013 as a starting point, and grounds them in the history of social movement mobilisation in urban Brazil. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork with a federation of housing movements, this work demonstrates the ongoing relevance of the concept of the right to the city for social movements of the urban poor, and examines these movements’ creative interpretation of national legislation to support their claims for housing and urban citizenship.

The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization

The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization PDF Author: Roberto Rocco
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317292324
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 300

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Book Description
The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization investigates the mutual relationship between the struggle for political inclusion and processes of informal urbanization in different socio-political and cultural settings. It seeks a middle ground between two opposing perspectives on the political meaning of urban informality. The first, the ‘emancipatory perspective’, frames urban informality as a practice that fosters autonomy, entrepreneurship and social mobility. The other perspective, more critical, sees informality predominantly as a result of political exclusion, inequality, and poverty. Do we see urban informality as a fertile breeding ground for bottom-up democracy and more political participation? Or is urban informality indeed merely the result of a democratic deficit caused by governing autocratic elites and ineffective bureaucracies? This book displays a wide variety of political practices and narratives around these positions based on narratives conceived upon specific case cities. It investigates how processes of urbanization are politicized in countries in the Global South and in transition economies. The handbook explores 24 cities in the Global South, as well as examples from Eastern Europe and East Asia, with contributions written by a global group of scholars familiar with the cases (often local scholars working in the cities analyzed) who offer unique insight on how informal urbanization can be interpreted in different contexts. These contributions engage the extreme urban environments under scrutiny which are likely to be the new laboratories of 21st-century democracy. It is vital reading for scholars, practitioners, and activists engaged in informal urbanization.

Upgrading Informal Settlements in South Africa

Upgrading Informal Settlements in South Africa PDF Author: Liza Rose Cirolia
Publisher: Juta and Company (Pty) Ltd
ISBN: 1775820831
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 512

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Book Description
More than 1.2 million households in South Africa live in informal settlements, without access to adequate shelter, services or secure tenure. There has been a gradual shift to upgrading these informal settlements in recent years, and there have been some innovative experiments. Upgrading Informal Settlements in South Africa: a partnership-based approach examines the successes and challenges of informal settlement upgrading initiatives in South Africa and contextualises these experiences within global debates about informal settlement upgrading and urban transformation. The book discusses: · The South African informal settlement upgrading agenda from local, national and international perspectives · South African ‘city experiences’ with informal housing and upgrading · The role of partnerships, actors and capabilities in pursuing an incremental upgrading agenda · Tools, instruments and methodologies for incremental upgrading · Implications of the upgrading agenda for the transformation of cities The book has been written and edited by a wide range of practitioners and researchers from government, NGOs, the private sector and academia. It covers theory and practice and represents a vast accumulated body of housing experience in South Africa.

Mobilities, Mobility Justice and Social Justice

Mobilities, Mobility Justice and Social Justice PDF Author: Nancy Cook
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429785429
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 14

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Book Description
This collection investigates the relationship between mobilities and social justice to develop the concept of mobility justice. Two introductory chapters outline how social justice concepts can strengthen analyses of mobility as socially structured movement in particular fields of power, what new justice-related questions arise by considering uneven mobilities through a social justice frame, and what a ‘mobile ontology’ contributes to understandings of justice in relation to 21st century social relations. In 15 subsequent chapters authors analyze the material infrastructures that configure mobilities and co-constitute injustice, the justice implications of ‘more-than-human’ movements of food and animals, and mobility-related injustices produced in relation to institutional acts of governance and through micro-scale embodied relations of race, gender, class and sexuality that shape the uneven freedom of human bodily movements. The volume brings numerous scales, types and facets of mobility into conversation with multiple approaches to social justice, to theorize mobility justice and reimagine social justice as a mobile concept appropriate for analyzing the effects and ethics of contemporary life.

Mundus Urbano: (Re)thinking Urban Development

Mundus Urbano: (Re)thinking Urban Development PDF Author: Luana Xavier Pinto Coelho
Publisher: Frank & Timme GmbH
ISBN: 3865965326
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 226

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Book Description
As we enter a "Mundus Urbano", urban issues become even more central to many professions related to planning. This situation not only reinforces long identified challenges but also generates new ones for which planners from all different fields of inquiry have to re-think their own practice. This book gathers works that reflect recent challenges examined by the fresh eyes of young professionals brought together to stretch conventions towards an innovative approach to urban studies. The reader will find world-wide as well as more localised study cases in four chapters that embed the most up-to-date questions permeating the field: sociocultural production and urban space, urban governance and social challenges, contemporary planning and cooperating in the south and sustainable urban infrastructure. Each of these chapters is introduced by prominent authors such as Prof. Amos Rapoport, PhD. Jaqueline Britto Pólvora, Prof. Guiqing Yang and Cor Dijkgraaf, who have been of great importance during the course of this advanced Master studies.

Design and Political Dissent

Design and Political Dissent PDF Author: Jilly Traganou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351187988
Category : Design
Languages : en
Pages : 306

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Book Description
This book examines, through an interdisciplinary lens, the relationship between political dissent and processes of designing. In the past twenty years, theorists of social movements have noted a diversity of visual and performative manifestations taking place in protest, while the fields of design, broadly defined, have been characterized by a growing interest in activism. The book’s premise stems from the recognition that material engagement and artifacts have the capacity to articulate political arguments or establish positions of disagreement. Its contributors look at a wide array of material practices generated by both professional and nonprofessional design actors around the globe, exploring case studies that vary from street protests and encampments to design pedagogy and community-empowerment projects. For students and scholars of design studies, urbanism, visual culture, politics, and social movements, this book opens up new perspectives on design and its place in contemporary politics.

São Paulo

São Paulo PDF Author:
Publisher: UN-HABITAT
ISBN: 9211322146
Category : City planning
Languages : en
Pages : 152

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Book Description
"Researched and written by Christopher Horwood"--P. iv.

Megacity Slums

Megacity Slums PDF Author: Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1908979615
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 464

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Book Description
This book looks at slums and social exclusion in the four major megacities of India and Brazil, and analyzes the interrelationships between urban policies and housing and environmental issues. In Delhi, Mumbai, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, the challenges they pose have spurred public actors into action through housing, rehabilitation and conservation programs, not to mention civil society and the inhabitants themselves. On the other hand, one must wonder whether these challenges were partly created by the deficiencies of these very public actors and civil society, be it their lack of intervention (as advocates of government intervention would argue), or the flaws and inadequacies of their actions (as supporters of the free market would suggest). Are policies alleviating or aggravating social exclusion? This book explores these questions and more. Contents:Introduction: Social Exclusion, Space and Urban Policies in Brazil and India (Frédéric Landy and Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky)National and Urban Contexts of the Four Metropolises (Hervé Théry, Louise Bruno, Véronique Dupont, Frédéric Landy, Ailton Luchiari, Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky and Marie-Hélène Zérah)The Right of the City or the Right to the City? (Rafael Soares Gonçalves)Public Policies and the “Treatment” of Slums (Véronique Dupont and Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky)Public Policies, Environment and Social Exclusion (Neli de Mello-Théry, Louise Bruno, Véronique Dupont, Marie-Hélène Zérah, Benedito Oscar Correia, Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky and Wagner Ribeiro)Local and Translocal Systems of Actors (Frédéric Landy and Nicolas Bautès)Slum Demolition: Impact on the Affected Families, and Coping Strategies (Véronique Dupont and Damien Vaquier)Acting from the Slums: Questioning Social Movement and Resistance (Nicolas Bautès, Véronique Dupont and Frédéric Landy)Conclusion: Spatial Justice, Exclusion and Urban Policies in Brazil and India (Frédéric Landy and Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky) Readership: Readers with an interest in slums (particularly in Brazil and India) and the political, environmental and sociological effects they have in their respective countries. Keywords:Slums;Housing;Favelas;Megacities;Urban Policies;Urban Governance;Exclusion;Space;India;Brazil;Mumbai;Delhi;Sao Paulo;Rio de JaneiroKey Features:The comparison between Brazil and India has never been developed in such a way. First book of its kind to encompass such a wide topic, articulating urban studies with geographical, demographical, sociological, juridical, economic and political perspectivesMost comparative country or city studies develop monographs without further analysis. The authors have maintained comparative treatment of Indian and Brazilian case studies throughout the book. The volume consists of chapters co-written by several authors and none of them deal with only one city or country, to the benefit of the comparative and synthetic perspectives