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Rethinking American Grand Strategy

Rethinking American Grand Strategy PDF Author: Elizabeth Borgwardt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190695668
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 512

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Book Description
"In recent years, historians and other scholars have offered useful definitions, most of which coalesce around the notion that grand strategy is an amplification of the "normal" strategic practice of deploying various means to attain specific ends. "The crux of grand strategy," writes Paul Kennedy, co-founder of the influential Grand Strategy program at Yale University, "lies...in policy, that is, in the capacity of the nation's leaders to bring together all the elements, both military and nonmilitary, for the preservation and enhancement of the nation's long-term (that is, in wartime and peacetime) best interests." John Lewis Gaddis, the program's co-founder with Kennedy, defines grand strategy succinctly as "the alignment of potentially unlimited aspirations with necessarily limited capabilities." Hal Brands, an alumnus of Yale's program and a contributor to this volume, observes that grand strategy is best understood as an "intellectual architecture that lends structure to foreign policy; it is the logic that helps states navigate a complex and dangerous world." Peter Feaver, who followed Yale's model when establishing a grand strategy program at Duke University, is somewhat more specific: "Grand strategy refers to the collection of plans and policies that comprise the state's deliberate effort to harness political, military, diplomatic, and economic tools together to advance that state's national interest." International Relations theorist Stephen Walt is even more precise: "a state's grand strategy is its plan for making itself secure. Grand strategy identifies the objectives that must be achieved to produce security, and describes the political and military actions that are believed to lead to this goal. Strategy is thus a set of 'contingent predictions': if we do A, B, and C, the desired results X, Y, and Z should follow.""--

Rethinking American Grand Strategy

Rethinking American Grand Strategy PDF Author: Elizabeth Borgwardt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190695668
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 512

View

Book Description
"In recent years, historians and other scholars have offered useful definitions, most of which coalesce around the notion that grand strategy is an amplification of the "normal" strategic practice of deploying various means to attain specific ends. "The crux of grand strategy," writes Paul Kennedy, co-founder of the influential Grand Strategy program at Yale University, "lies...in policy, that is, in the capacity of the nation's leaders to bring together all the elements, both military and nonmilitary, for the preservation and enhancement of the nation's long-term (that is, in wartime and peacetime) best interests." John Lewis Gaddis, the program's co-founder with Kennedy, defines grand strategy succinctly as "the alignment of potentially unlimited aspirations with necessarily limited capabilities." Hal Brands, an alumnus of Yale's program and a contributor to this volume, observes that grand strategy is best understood as an "intellectual architecture that lends structure to foreign policy; it is the logic that helps states navigate a complex and dangerous world." Peter Feaver, who followed Yale's model when establishing a grand strategy program at Duke University, is somewhat more specific: "Grand strategy refers to the collection of plans and policies that comprise the state's deliberate effort to harness political, military, diplomatic, and economic tools together to advance that state's national interest." International Relations theorist Stephen Walt is even more precise: "a state's grand strategy is its plan for making itself secure. Grand strategy identifies the objectives that must be achieved to produce security, and describes the political and military actions that are believed to lead to this goal. Strategy is thus a set of 'contingent predictions': if we do A, B, and C, the desired results X, Y, and Z should follow.""--

Sustainable Security

Sustainable Security PDF Author: Jeremi Suri
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190611480
Category : National security
Languages : en
Pages : 432

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Book Description
As the world shifts away from the unquestioned American hegemony that followed in the wake of the Cold War, the United States is likely to face new kinds of threats and sharper resource constraints than it has in the past. However, the country's alliances, military institutions, and national security strategy have changed little since the Cold War. American foreign and defense policies, therefore, should be assessed for their fitness for achieving sustainable national security amidst the dynamism of the international political economy, changing domestic politics, and even a changing climate. This book brings together sixteen leading scholars from across political science, history, and political economy to highlight a range of American security considerations that deserve a larger role in both scholarship and strategic decision-making. In these chapters, scholars of political economy and the American defense budget examine the economic engine that underlies U.S. military might and the ways the country deploys these vast (but finite) resources. Historians illuminate how past great powers coped with changing international orders through strategic and institutional innovations. And regional experts assess America's current long-term engagements, from NATO to the chaos of the Middle East to the web of alliances in Asia, deepening understandings that help guard against both costly commitments and short-sighted retrenchments. This interdisciplinary volume sets an agenda for future scholarship that links politics, economics, and history in pursuit of sustainable security for the United States - and greater peace and stability for Americans and non-Americans alike.

Taking Sides

Taking Sides PDF Author: John T. Rourke
Publisher: McGraw-Hill College
ISBN: 9780072397949
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 408

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Book Description
This debate-style reader is designed to introduce students to controversies in American foreign policy. The readings, which represent the arguments of leading political scientists and researchers, reflect a variety of viewpoint and have been selected for their liveliness and substance and because of their value in a debate framework. By requiring students to analyze opposing viewpoints and reach considered judgments, Taking Sides actively develops student's critical thinking skills.

The Peace of Illusions

The Peace of Illusions PDF Author: Christopher Layne
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780801437137
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 290

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Book Description
In a provocative book about American hegemony, Christopher Layne outlines his belief that U.S. foreign policy has been consistent in its aims for more than sixty years and that the current Bush administration clings to mid-twentieth-century tactics—to no good effect. What should the nation's grand strategy look like for the next several decades? The end of the cold war profoundly and permanently altered the international landscape, yet we have seen no parallel change in the aims and shape of U.S. foreign policy. The Peace of Illusions intervenes in the ongoing debate about American grand strategy and the costs and benefits of "American empire." Layne urges the desirability of a strategy he calls "offshore balancing": rather than wield power to dominate other states, the U.S. government should engage in diplomacy to balance large states against one another. The United States should intervene, Layne asserts, only when another state threatens, regionally or locally, to destroy the established balance. Drawing on extensive archival research, Layne traces the form and aims of U.S. foreign policy since 1940, examining alternatives foregone and identifying the strategic aims of different administrations. His offshore-balancing notion, if put into practice with the goal of extending the "American Century," would be a sea change in current strategy. Layne has much to say about present-day governmental decision making, which he examines from the perspectives of both international relations theory and American diplomatic history.

Delusions of Liberty

Delusions of Liberty PDF Author: Jacob S. Sotiriadis
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Democratization
Languages : en
Pages : 155

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Book Description
"As the champion of the current liberal world order, the United States has institutionalized democracy promotion as a central theme of its foreign policy. The chaotic aftermaths of the Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya campaigns, however, demonstrate that the unqualified promotion of democracy via military force can work counter to American political and security interests. Furthermore, in a unipolar world, the character of the hegemon and its subsequent actions portend unprecedented implications to the international order. As such, America’s storied history of global expansionism, combined with its post-Cold War military actions in the name of democracy, contributes to a widening metaperception gap between Washington and the world. This work examines the implications of America’s preference for democracy promotion abroad on Washington’s grand strategy within the historical context of the post-Cold War era. Additionally, it explores the challenges of reconciling American national interests and regional stability vis-à-vis the unconditional promotion of democratic governance. It employs the theory of foreign imposed regime change as the primary analytical criterion by which to evaluate the implications of America’s preference for democracy promotion. Two empirical case studies determine quantitative and qualitative outcomes: 1) The U.S./NATO military intervention in Libya and 2) U.S. handling of the Syrian Civil War. The case studies demonstrate that American support of democratic movements in both Libya and Syria has upset the regional balance-of-power and yielded unfavorable conditions for American security interests. They also conclude that successful democratization after a foreign imposed regime change via military force depends upon the strategy applied by the intervener and the favorability of domestic conditions within the target state. If the United States intends to promote democracy abroad via military means, American policymakers must consider both the political and economic costs of institution building in the target state as well as the favorability of pre-existing domestic conditions to eventual democratization."--Abstract.

New NATO, New Century

New NATO, New Century PDF Author: Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.). Centre for International Relations
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Canada
Languages : en
Pages : 248

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Towards a New Partnership

Towards a New Partnership PDF Author: Rand Corporation
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Europe
Languages : en
Pages : 251

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Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy

Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy PDF Author: Alexander DeConde
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : United States
Languages : en
Pages : 726

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Book Description
Provides in-depth interpretive essays, commissioned from foreign policy experts, explaining the concepts and historical trends that have guided and influenced American foreign policy throughout U.S. history.

The Journal of American History

The Journal of American History PDF Author: Organization of American historians
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Discourse in Trust

Discourse in Trust PDF Author: Kousar Jabeen Azam
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : South Asia
Languages : en
Pages : 331

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Book Description
Collection of contributed papers presented at international conferences.