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Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules

Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules PDF Author: Irwin A. Wiehe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420018337
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 456

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Book Description
Although there is a shortage of light petroleum, there is plenty of heavy petroleum rich in macromolecules available, creating an increasing interest for processes that can convert heavy oils to light oils. Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules provides the scientific basis for such processes, presenting methods to determine improvement potential. Topics include characterization, thermal kinetics, phase behavior, and separation. Revealing that the science of petroleum macromolecules is simpler and more exciting than imagined, it also discusses macromolecules that self-associate, liquid crystalline phases, reactions triggered by phase separation, and both dispersed and dissolved solutes.

Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules

Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules PDF Author: Irwin A. Wiehe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420018337
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 456

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Book Description
Although there is a shortage of light petroleum, there is plenty of heavy petroleum rich in macromolecules available, creating an increasing interest for processes that can convert heavy oils to light oils. Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules provides the scientific basis for such processes, presenting methods to determine improvement potential. Topics include characterization, thermal kinetics, phase behavior, and separation. Revealing that the science of petroleum macromolecules is simpler and more exciting than imagined, it also discusses macromolecules that self-associate, liquid crystalline phases, reactions triggered by phase separation, and both dispersed and dissolved solutes.

Modeling of Processes and Reactors for Upgrading of Heavy Petroleum

Modeling of Processes and Reactors for Upgrading of Heavy Petroleum PDF Author: Jorge Ancheyta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439880468
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 561

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Book Description
The worldwide petroleum industry is facing a dilemma: the production level of heavy petroleum is higher than that of light petroleum. Heavy crude oils possess high amounts of impurities (sulfur, nitrogen, metals, and asphaltenes), as well as a high yield of residue with consequent low production of valuable distillates (gasoline and diesel). These characteristics, in turn, are responsible for the low price of heavy petroleum. Additionally, existing refineries are designed to process light crude oil, and heavy oil cannot be refined to 100 percent. One solution to this problem is the installation of plants for heavy oil upgrading before sending this raw material to a refinery. Modeling of Processes and Reactors for Upgrading of Heavy Petroleum gives an up-to-date treatment of modeling of reactors employed in the main processes for heavy petroleum upgrading. The book includes fundamental aspects such as thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, chemistry, and process variables. Process schemes for each process are discussed in detail. The author thoroughly describes the development of correlations, reactor models, and kinetic models with the aid of experimental data collected from different reaction scales. The validation of modeling results is performed by comparison with experimental and commercial data taken from the literature or generated in various laboratory scale reactors. Organized into three sections, this book deals with general aspects of properties and upgrading of heavy oils, describes the modeling of non-catalytic processes, as well as the modeling of catalytic processes. Each chapter provides detailed experimental data, explanations of how to determine model parameters, and comparisons with reactor model predictions for different situations, so that readers can adapt their own computer programs. The book includes rigorous treatment of the different topics as well as the step-by-step description of model formulation and application. It is not only an indispensable reference for professionals working in the development of reactor models for the petroleum industry, but also a textbook for full courses in chemical reaction engineering. The author would like to express his sincere appreciation to the Marcos Moshinsky Foundation for the financial support provided by means of a Cátedra de Investigación.

Introduction to Process Control

Introduction to Process Control PDF Author: Jose A. Romagnoli
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439854874
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 637

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Book Description
Introduction to Process Control, Second Edition provides a bridge between the traditional view of process control and the current, expanded role by blending conventional topics with a broader perspective of more integrated process operation, control, and information systems. Updating and expanding the content of its predecessor, this second edition

Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels

Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels PDF Author: Harold Schobert
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521114004
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 501

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Book Description
Discusses the formation, composition, properties and processing of the principal fossil and biofuels, ideal for graduate students and professionals.

Fundamentals of Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering

Fundamentals of Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering PDF Author: Uttam Ray Chaudhuri
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439851611
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 411

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Book Description
The supply of petroleum continues to dwindle at an alarming rate, yet it is the source of a range of products- from gasoline and diesel to plastic, rubber, and synthetic fiber. Critical to the future of this commodity is that we learn to use it more judiciously and efficiently. Fundamentals of Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering provides a holi

Fundamentals of Automatic Process Control

Fundamentals of Automatic Process Control PDF Author: Uttam Ray Chaudhuri
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466514205
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 307

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Book Description
Strong theoretical and practical knowledge of process control is essential for plant practicing engineers and operators. In addition being able to use control hardware and software appropriately, engineers must be able to select or write computer programs that interface the hardware and software required to run a plant effectively. Designed to help readers understand control software and strategies that mimic human activities, Fundamentals of Automatic Process Control provides an integrated introduction to the hardware and software of automatic control systems. Featured Topics Basic instruments, control systems, and symbolic representations Laplacian mathematics for applications in control systems Various disturbances and their effects on uncontrolled processes Feedback control loops and traditional PID controllers Laplacian analysis of control loops Tuning methods for PID controllers Advanced control systems Virtual laboratory software (included on CD-ROM) Modern plants require operators and engineers to have thorough knowledge of instrumentation hardware as well as good operating skills. This book explores the theoretical analysis of the process dynamics and control via a large number of problems and solutions spread throughout the text. This balanced presentation, coupled with coverage of traditional and advanced systems provides an understanding of industrial realities that prepares readers for the future evolution of industrial operations.

Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization

Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization PDF Author: Nour Shafik El-Gendy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466596724
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 476

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Book Description
Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization describes the operation of the various desulfurization process units in a petroleum refinery. It also explains the processes that produce raw materials for the petrochemical industry. It illustrates all the possible processes to lower the sulfur contents in petroleum and its fractions to decrease emissions of sulfur oxides. This book introduces you to desulfurization concepts, including biodesulfurization, as well as technology, giving guidance on how to accomplish desulfurization in various refining processes. It contains background chapters on the composition and evaluation of feedstocks and includes diagrams and tables of feedstocks and their respective produce. It also outlines how to decide which method should be employed to remove sulfur from different feedstocks. A practical and thorough discussion of the field, Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization gives you a strong grasp of the various processes involved with industrial desulfurization while giving you pointers on which procedures to use under certain conditions.

Petroleum Refining

Petroleum Refining PDF Author: Mark J. Kaiser
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466563028
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 725

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Book Description
For four decades, Petroleum Refining has guided thousands of readers toward a reliable understanding of the field, and through the years has become the standard text in many schools and universities around the world offering petroleum refining classes, for self-study, training, and as a reference for industry professionals. The sixth edition of this perennial bestseller continues in the tradition set by Jim Gary as the most modern and authoritative guide in the field. Updated and expanded to reflect new technologies, methods, and topics, the book includes new discussion on the business and economics of refining, cost estimation and complexity, crude origins and properties, fuel specifications, and updates on technology, process units, and catalysts. The first half of the book is written for a general audience to introduce the primary economic and market characteristics of the industry and to describe the inputs and outputs of refining. Most of this material is new to this edition and can be read independently or in parallel with the rest of the text. In the second half of the book, a technical review of the main process units of a refinery is provided, beginning with distillation and covering each of the primary conversion and treatment processes. Much of this material was reorganized, updated, and rewritten with greater emphasis on reaction chemistry and the role of catalysis in applications. Petroleum Refining: Technology, Economics, and Markets is a book written for users, the practitioners of refining, and all those who want to learn more about the field.

Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology

Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology PDF Author: Tapio O. Salmi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420092693
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 638

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Book Description
The role of the chemical reactor is crucial for the industrial conversion of raw materials into products and numerous factors must be considered when selecting an appropriate and efficient chemical reactor. Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology defines the qualitative aspects that affect the selection of an industrial chemical reactor and couples various reactor models to case-specific kinetic expressions for chemical processes. Offering a systematic development of the chemical reaction engineering concept, this volume explores: Essential stoichiometric, kinetic, and thermodynamic terms needed in the analysis of chemical reactors Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactors Residence time distributions and non-ideal flow conditions in industrial reactors Solutions of algebraic and ordinary differential equation systems Gas- and liquid-phase diffusion coefficients and gas-film coefficients Correlations for gas-liquid systems Solubilities of gases in liquids Guidelines for laboratory reactors and the estimation of kinetic parameters The authors pay special attention to the exact formulations and derivations of mass energy balances and their numerical solutions. Richly illustrated and containing exercises and solutions covering a number of processes, from oil refining to the development of specialty and fine chemicals, the text provides a clear understanding of chemical reactor analysis and design.

The Chemistry and Technology of Coal

The Chemistry and Technology of Coal PDF Author: James G. Speight
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439836485
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 845

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Book Description
The demand for coal use (for electricity generation) and coal products, particularly liquid fuels and chemical feedstocks, is increasing throughout the world. Traditional markets such as North America and Europe are experiencing a steady increase in demand whereas emerging Asian markets, such as India and China, are witnessing a rapid surge in dema