Marxism, Fascism, and Totalitarianism

Marxism, Fascism, and Totalitarianism PDF Author: A. James Gregor
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804760348
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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Book Description
This work traces the changes in classical Marxism (the Marxism of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels) that took place after the death of its founders. It outlines the variants that appeared around the turn of the twentieth century—one of which was to be of influence among the followers of Adolf Hitler, another of which was to shape the ideology of Benito Mussolini, and still another of which provided the doctrinal rationale for V. I. Lenin's Bolshevism and Joseph Stalin's communism. This account differs from many others by rejecting a traditional left/right distinction—a distinction that makes it difficult to understand how totalitarian political institutions could arise out of presumably diametrically opposed political ideologies. Marxism, Fascism, and Totalitarianism thus helps to explain the common features of "left-wing" and "right-wing" regimes in the twentieth century.

Roots of Totalitarianism

Roots of Totalitarianism PDF Author: J.-Lucien Radel
Publisher: New York : Crane, Russak
ISBN:
Category : Totalitarianism
Languages : en
Pages : 236

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Book Description


Dictatorship, Fascism, and Totalitarianism

Dictatorship, Fascism, and Totalitarianism PDF Author: Shalini Saxena
Publisher: Encyclopaedia Britannica
ISBN: 1622753518
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 221

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Book Description
Gaining momentum in the early decades of the 20th century, a number of fascist and other authoritarian regimes could be found around the world by the 1950s. Many persist into the present day. Often led by oppressive dictators, these regimes share many characteristics, though each differ in various ways as well. This volume examines the historical trajectory of dictatorship, fascism, and totalitarianism; their characteristics; where they intersected and how they differed; and some of the individuals-including Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, among many others-infamous for violently imposing their often extreme agendas.

Marxism, Fascism, and Totalitarianism

Marxism, Fascism, and Totalitarianism PDF Author: A. James Gregor
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804769990
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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Book Description
This work traces the changes in classical Marxism (the Marxism of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels) that took place after the death of its founders. It outlines the variants that appeared around the turn of the twentieth century—one of which was to be of influence among the followers of Adolf Hitler, another of which was to shape the ideology of Benito Mussolini, and still another of which provided the doctrinal rationale for V. I. Lenin's Bolshevism and Joseph Stalin's communism. This account differs from many others by rejecting a traditional left/right distinction—a distinction that makes it difficult to understand how totalitarian political institutions could arise out of presumably diametrically opposed political ideologies. Marxism, Fascism, and Totalitarianism thus helps to explain the common features of "left-wing" and "right-wing" regimes in the twentieth century.

Totalitarianism and Political Religion

Totalitarianism and Political Religion PDF Author: A. Gregor
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804781305
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 316

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Book Description
The totalitarian systems that arose in the twentieth century presented themselves as secular. Yet, as A. James Gregor argues in this book, they themselves functioned as religions. He presents an intellectual history of the rise of these political religions, tracing a set of ideas that include belief that a certain text contains impeccable truths; notions of infallible, charismatic leadership; and the promise of human redemption through strict obedience, selfless sacrifice, total dedication, and unremitting labor. Gregor provides unique insight into the variants of Marxism, Fascism, and National Socialism that dominated our immediate past. He explores the seeds of totalitarianism as secular faith in the nineteenth-century ideologies of Ludwig Feuerbach, Moses Hess, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Giuseppe Mazzini, and Richard Wagner. He follows the growth of those seeds as the twentieth century became host to Leninism and Stalinism, Italian Fascism, and German National Socialism—each a totalitarian institution and a political religion.

Totalitarianism and Political Religions, Volume 1

Totalitarianism and Political Religions, Volume 1 PDF Author: Hans Maier
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135754195
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 424

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Book Description
We are used to distinguishing the despotic regimes of the 20th century - communism, fascism, National Socialism, Maoism - very precisely according to place and time, origins and influences. But what should we call that which they have in common? On this question, there has been and is still a passionate debate. This book documents the first international conference on this theme, a conference that took place in September of 1994 at the University of Munich. The book shows how new models for understanding political history arose from the experience of modern despotic regimes. Here, the most important concepts - totalitarianism and political religions - are discussed and tested in terms of their usefulness.

Today's Isms

Today's Isms PDF Author: William Ebenstein
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Capitalism
Languages : en
Pages : 216

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Book Description
From the preface: The major conflict of our age ist the struggle between aggressive totalitarianism and the free way of life. Not long ago the chief threat to liberty was fascism; today it is communism. This book is a discussion of the main representatives of each side - communism and fascism on the totalitarian side, capitalism and socialism on the democratic. The key approach in this book is through the way of life concept rather than trough one particular aspect; also the psychological roots are given close attention.

Dictatorship, Fascism, and Totalitarianism

Dictatorship, Fascism, and Totalitarianism PDF Author: Shalini Saxena
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 162275350X
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 190

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Book Description
Gaining momentum in the early decades of the 20th century, a number of fascist and other authoritarian regimes could be found around the world by the 1950s. Many persist into the present day. Often led by oppressive dictators, these regimes share many characteristics, though each differ in various ways as well. This volume examines the historical trajectory of dictatorship, fascism, and totalitarianism; their characteristics; where they intersected and how they differed; and some of the individuals—including Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, among many others—infamous for violently imposing their often extreme agendas.

The Devil in History

The Devil in History PDF Author: Vladimir Tismaneanu
Publisher: University of California Press
ISBN: 0520282205
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 334

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Book Description
The Devil in History is a provocative analysis of the relationship between communism and fascism. Reflecting the author’s personal experiences within communist totalitarianism, this is a book about political passions, radicalism, utopian ideals, and their catastrophic consequences in the twentieth century’s experiments in social engineering. Vladimir Tismaneanu brilliantly compares communism and fascism as competing, sometimes overlapping, and occasionally strikingly similar systems of political totalitarianism. He examines the inherent ideological appeal of these radical, revolutionary political movements, the visions of salvation and revolution they pursued, the value and types of charisma of leaders within these political movements, the place of violence within these systems, and their legacies in contemporary politics. The author discusses thinkers who have shaped contemporary understanding of totalitarian movements—people such as Hannah Arendt, Raymond Aron, Isaiah Berlin, Albert Camus, François Furet, Tony Judt, Ian Kershaw, Leszek Kolakowski, Richard Pipes, and Robert C. Tucker. As much a theoretical analysis of the practical philosophies of Marxism-Leninism and Fascism as it is a political biography of particular figures, this book deals with the incarnation of diabolically nihilistic principles of human subjugation and conditioning in the name of presumably pure and purifying goals. Ultimately, the author claims that no ideological commitment, no matter how absorbing, should ever prevail over the sanctity of human life. He comes to the conclusion that no party, movement, or leader holds the right to dictate to the followers to renounce their critical faculties and to embrace a pseudo-miraculous, a mystically self-centered, delusional vision of mandatory happiness.

The Lost Debate

The Lost Debate PDF Author: William David Jones
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252067969
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 388

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Book Description
Brings to light critiques of modern tyranny written by German socialist intellectuals before and during World War II about the definition, origins, nature, and means of overcoming totalitarianism.