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Handbook of OR/MS Models in Hazardous Materials Transportation

Handbook of OR/MS Models in Hazardous Materials Transportation PDF Author: Rajan Batta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461467942
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 296

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Book Description
The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation defines hazardous materials (hazmat) as a substance or material capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, or property when transported in commerce. Hazmat accidents can result in significant impact to the population (death, injuries) and damage to the environment (destroyed or damaged buildings and infrastructure). Further, hazmat, especially explosive materials, can potentially be used by terrorists to attack civilians or to destroy critical infrastructure. This handbook provides models from Operations Research and Management Science that study various activities involving hazmat transportation: risk assessment, route planning, location decisions, evacuation planning, and emergency planning for terrorist attacks. There are two important research areas in hazmat transportation that are widely studied in the literature: risk assessment and shipment planning. In the risk assessment area, important issues include measurement of accident probabilities and consequences in hazmat transport. Example works in the risk assessment area include modeling risk probability distribution over given areas, considering hazmat types and transport modes, and environmental conditions. The first half of this handbook covers the two fields of risk assessment and shipment planning, while the second half of this handbook provides useful models and insights on other important issues including location problems for undesirable facilities, network interdiction, terrorist attack, and evacuation.

Handbook of OR/MS Models in Hazardous Materials Transportation

Handbook of OR/MS Models in Hazardous Materials Transportation PDF Author: Rajan Batta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461467942
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 296

View

Book Description
The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation defines hazardous materials (hazmat) as a substance or material capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, or property when transported in commerce. Hazmat accidents can result in significant impact to the population (death, injuries) and damage to the environment (destroyed or damaged buildings and infrastructure). Further, hazmat, especially explosive materials, can potentially be used by terrorists to attack civilians or to destroy critical infrastructure. This handbook provides models from Operations Research and Management Science that study various activities involving hazmat transportation: risk assessment, route planning, location decisions, evacuation planning, and emergency planning for terrorist attacks. There are two important research areas in hazmat transportation that are widely studied in the literature: risk assessment and shipment planning. In the risk assessment area, important issues include measurement of accident probabilities and consequences in hazmat transport. Example works in the risk assessment area include modeling risk probability distribution over given areas, considering hazmat types and transport modes, and environmental conditions. The first half of this handbook covers the two fields of risk assessment and shipment planning, while the second half of this handbook provides useful models and insights on other important issues including location problems for undesirable facilities, network interdiction, terrorist attack, and evacuation.

Multi-objective Management in Freight Logistics

Multi-objective Management in Freight Logistics PDF Author: Massimiliano Caramia
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030508129
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 196

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Book Description
The second edition of Multi-Objective Management in Freight Logistics builds upon the first, providing a detailed study of freight transportation systems, with a specific focus on multi-objective modelling. It offers decision-makers methods and tools for implementing multi-objective optimisation models in logistics. The second edition also includes brand-new chapters on green supply chain and hybrid fleet management problems. After presenting the general framework and multi-objective optimization, the book analyses green logistic focusing on two main aspects: green corridors and network design; next, it studies logistic issues in a maritime terminal and route planning in the context of hazardous material transportation. Finally, heterogeneous fleets distribution and coordination models are discussed. The book presents problems providing the mathematics, algorithms, implementations, and the related experiments for each problem. It offers a valuable resource for postgraduate students and researchers in transportation, logistics and operations, as well as practitioners working in service systems.

Risk Analysis XI

Risk Analysis XI PDF Author: S. Mambretti
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1784662674
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 329

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Book Description
Containing the papers from the 11th International Conference on Computer Simulation in Risk Analysis and Hazard Mitigation 2018, this book will be of interest to those concerned with all aspects of risk management and hazard mitigation, associated with both natural and anthropogenic hazards. Current events help to emphasise the importance of the analysis and management of risk to planners and researchers around the world. Natural hazards such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, fires and others have always affected human societies. The more recent emergence of the importance of man-made hazards is a consequence of the rapid technological advances made in the last few centuries. The interaction of natural and anthropogenic risks adds to the complexity of the problems. The included papers, presented at the Risk Analysis Conference, cover a variety of topics related to risk analysis and hazard mitigation.

Sustainability

Sustainability PDF Author: Fausto Pedro García Márquez
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3031166205
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 453

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Book Description
This book provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings in Operations Research (OR) and Management Science (MS) as applied to sustainability. Its goal is to identify and describe ways in which OR and MS have been applied to and influenced the development of sustainability. Many of the issues we face today stem from the interconnectivity of the economy, society, and the environment, and from how both the economy and society are affecting the environment. In response, there have been a range of local and global efforts to advance society without harming the natural environment. The book showcases how OR/MS can help to address these issues, specifically with regard to renewable energy, smart industry, smart cities, transportation, smart homes and devices, etc. This book is intended for professionals in the fields of energy, engineering, information science, mathematics and economics, and for researchers who wish to develop new skills in connection with sustainability, or whose work involves sustainability.

Security Risk Assessment

Security Risk Assessment PDF Author: Genserik Reniers
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110499088
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 201

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Book Description
This book deals with the state-of-the-art of physical security knowledge and research in the chemical and process industries. Legislation differences between Europe and the USA are investigated, followed by an overview of the how, what and why of contemporary security risk assessment in this particular industrial sector. Innovative solutions such as attractiveness calculations and the use of game theory, advancing the present science of adversarial risk analysis, are discussed. The book further stands up for developing and employing dynamic security risk assessments, for instance based on Bayesian networks, and using OR methods to truly move security forward in the chemical and process industries.

Handbooks in Operations Research and Management Science: Transportation

Handbooks in Operations Research and Management Science: Transportation PDF Author: Cynthia Barnhart
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080467436
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 796

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Book Description
This book contains eleven chapters describing some of the most recent methodological operations research developments in transportation. It is structured around the main transportation modes, and each chapter is written by a group of well-recognized researchers. Because of the major impact of operations research methods in the field of air transportation over the past forty years, it is befitting to open the book with a chapter on airline operations management. This book will prove useful to researchers, students, and practitioners in transportation and will stimulate further research in this rich and fascinating area. Volume 14 examines transport and its relationship with operations and management science 11 chapters cover the most recent research developments in transportation Focuses on main transportation modes-air travel, automobile, public transit, maritime transport, and more

Location Science

Location Science PDF Author: Gilbert Laporte
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030321770
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 767

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Book Description
This book presents essential information on modern location science – in a word, all you need to know about location. The second edition of this handbook has been fully revised throughout, with numerous updates and chapters added, to offer an even more comprehensive overview of methods and applications. The book is divided into three parts: basic concepts, advanced concepts and applications. Written by the most respected specialists in the field and thoroughly reviewed by the editors, it first lays out the fundamental problems in location science and provides readers with basic background information on location theory. Part II covers advanced models and concepts, broadening and expanding on the content presented in Part I. It also discusses important tools to help readers grasp and solve real-world location problems. Part III focuses on the links between location science and other areas like GIS, telecommunications, healthcare, rapid transit networks, districting problems and disaster events, and presents a wide range of applications to allow readers to understand the role of facility location in such areas and learn how to handle real-world location problems. The book is intended for researchers working on theory and applications involving location problems and models. It is also suitable as a textbook for graduate courses on facility location.

Impact of Technology on Environment: Climate Change and Instrumentation

Impact of Technology on Environment: Climate Change and Instrumentation PDF Author: Halit Eren PhD MBA
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1669886425
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 164

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Book Description
” Technology is manmade to address human needs” “Can the world sustain current economic growth?” “Natural Greenhouse Effect warms Earth by 33C” ” Land degradation have been cumulative over time” “World population may reach 1 trillion by 9000 CE” “Earth is subject to all forces imposed by the universe” “Plastic pollution is a very serious environmental issue” “Global water movements spreads pollutants all over world” “Climate changes are due to natural causes and human activities” “The polluted air is not confined by regional or national boundaries” “Effects of technology on the environment can be direct and indirect” “Today’s technologies are collective products of thousands of people” “Prior to 19th century almost all energy used by humans was renewable” “Until 20th century, the knowledge on the environment was severely limited” “Technologies acted as catalyst to change the social settings and structures” “Environmental instrumentation science helps to collect reliable information” “Human use of natural resources raises questions on their future availability” “Overexploitation throughout the history resulted in extinction of many species” “Environmental laws, rules, and regulations may be misinterpreted and misused” “Technology is helping human activities from environmentally harmful practices” “Humans need to learn living within the laws of the nature and the laws of universe” “There are environmental activities in collaborative, cooperative, and good will manner” “Voluntary and noncommercial organization constitute major environmental movements” “Humans can no longer afford to deteriorate the environment and let the carpet slip below their feet”

Using Decision Support Systems for Transportation Planning Efficiency

Using Decision Support Systems for Transportation Planning Efficiency PDF Author: Ocalir-Akunal, Ebru V.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466686499
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 377

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Book Description
The integration of technology into the transport planning sector has allowed for more stable, yet increasingly complex models that enable better analysis techniques and new approaches to decision making. These modern advances ensure higher productivity in addressing various planning problems. Using Decision Support Systems for Transportation Planning Efficiency is a valuable reference source of the latest scholarly research on the vast improvements that computational innovations have made for transportation planners. Featuring extensive coverage on a range of topics relating to spatial planning, environmental risks of transport, and traffic information systems, this publication is a pivotal reference source for transportation planners, professionals, and academicians seeking expert information on a multitude of transportation issues. This publication features timely chapters relevant to the area of transport planning, including artificial neural network models, logistics hubs, urban growth and expansion, accessibility modeling, sustainable mobility, hazardous materials transport, and urban intersections.

Security and Environmental Sustainability of Multimodal Transport

Security and Environmental Sustainability of Multimodal Transport PDF Author: Michael Bell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9048185637
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 260

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Book Description
Not until the recent attacks on transport systems has transport security become a focus of public concern and academic research. Various aspects of transport security have already been analysed under different agendas. Some research was focused on the potential risk to the environment resulting from transport, in particular from the transport of hazardous or dangerous goods, while other research considered critical elements of transport networks or supply chains as vital lifelines in the case of natural disasters. Recently, new threats stimulated interest in transport security as a stand-alone issue, placing it at the forefront of political and academic agendas. A NATO Advanced Research Workshop held at Imperial College London in January 2009 brought together those with expertise in the above-mentioned fields in order to verify the current state of knowledge in the field and identify promising areas for future work. The workshop concentrated on maritime and intermodal transport, risk management and long-term strategic planning, rather than on the details of monitoring or detection techniques. This collection of papers emanates largely from that workshop. While transport systems are widely recognized as terrorist targets, complete protection of these systems is economically and practically infeasible. The workshop looked at analytical methods to identify critical points in the transport infrastructure and the prioritization of defensive and mitigating measures given the limited resources available. Deficiencies in methods for conducting such an assessment were identified and the need for cost-effective mitigation measures was emphasized.