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Datalog and Logic Databases

Datalog and Logic Databases PDF Author: Sergio Greco
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1627051147
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 171

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Book Description
The use of logic in databases started in the late 1960s. In the early 1970s Codd formalized databases in terms of the relational calculus and the relational algebra. A major influence on the use of logic in databases was the development of the field of logic programming. Logic provides a convenient formalism for studying classical database problems and has the important property of being declarative, that is, it allows one to express what she wants rather than how to get it. For a long time, relational calculus and algebra were considered the relational database languages. However, there are simple operations, such as computing the transitive closure of a graph, which cannot be expressed with these languages. Datalog is a declarative query language for relational databases based on the logic programming paradigm. One of the peculiarities that distinguishes Datalog from query languages like relational algebra and calculus is recursion, which gives Datalog the capability to express queries like computing a graph transitive closure. Recent years have witnessed a revival of interest in Datalog in a variety of emerging application domains such as data integration, information extraction, networking, program analysis, security, cloud computing, ontology reasoning, and many others. The aim of this book is to present the basics of Datalog, some of its extensions, and recent applications to different domains.

Datalog and Logic Databases

Datalog and Logic Databases PDF Author: Sergio Greco
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1627051147
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 171

View

Book Description
The use of logic in databases started in the late 1960s. In the early 1970s Codd formalized databases in terms of the relational calculus and the relational algebra. A major influence on the use of logic in databases was the development of the field of logic programming. Logic provides a convenient formalism for studying classical database problems and has the important property of being declarative, that is, it allows one to express what she wants rather than how to get it. For a long time, relational calculus and algebra were considered the relational database languages. However, there are simple operations, such as computing the transitive closure of a graph, which cannot be expressed with these languages. Datalog is a declarative query language for relational databases based on the logic programming paradigm. One of the peculiarities that distinguishes Datalog from query languages like relational algebra and calculus is recursion, which gives Datalog the capability to express queries like computing a graph transitive closure. Recent years have witnessed a revival of interest in Datalog in a variety of emerging application domains such as data integration, information extraction, networking, program analysis, security, cloud computing, ontology reasoning, and many others. The aim of this book is to present the basics of Datalog, some of its extensions, and recent applications to different domains.

Logic Programming and Databases

Logic Programming and Databases PDF Author: Stefano Ceri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN:
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 312

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Book Description
This book presents a systematic overview of the interaction between logic programming and database systems. Merging these two technologies permits new types of systems which extend the frontiers of computer science and open up new applications, such as deductive databases, knowledge base management systems, and expert database systems. The book opens with an overview and an introductory review, then is divided into three parts devoted to - the coupling of Prolog with relational databases, - the precise definition of the Datalog language, and - the description of query optimization techniques and extensions of Datalog. A closing chapter reviews the main projects on the integration of logic programming and databases, including LDL, Nail! and the Fifth Generation Project. The presentation achieves a balance between theoretical and technological issues, by providing a careful introduction to the underlying paradigms and their theoretical foundations, and by stressing the problems involved in achieving efficiency when interfacing logic programming formalisms with large databases. The book is thus suited for members of both the database and logic programming communities. The authors use a tutorial style complete with examples and exercises to introduce students as well as researchers to this developing field.

Transactions and Change in Logic Databases

Transactions and Change in Logic Databases PDF Author: International Seminar on Logic Databases and the Meaning of Change
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540653059
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 412

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Book Description
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed and revised post-workshop proceedings of two international meetings devoted to deductive databases and logic programming. The technical papers presenting original research results were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the present book, together with several survey articles summarizing the state of the art in the area. Thus, the book is the ultimate reference for anybody interested in the theory and application of deductive databases and logic programming.

Database and Expert Systems Applications

Database and Expert Systems Applications PDF Author: Djamal Benslimane
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319644688
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 517

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Book Description
This two volume set LNCS 10438 and LNCS 10439 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Database and Expert Systems Applications, DEXA 2017, held in Lyon, France, August 2017. The 37 revised full papers presented together with 40 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 166 submissions. The papers discuss a range of topics including: Semantic Web and Semantics; Graph Matching; Data Modeling, Data Abstraction, and Uncertainty; Preferences and Query Optimization; Data Integration and RDF Matching; Security and Privacy; Web Search; Data Clustering; Top-K and Skyline Queries; Data Mining and Big Data; Service Computing; Continuous and Temporal Data, and Continuous Query Language; Text Processing and Semantic Search; Indexing and Concurrency Control Methods; Data Warehouse and Data Stream Warehouse; Data Mining and Machine Learning; Recommender Systems and Query Recommendation; Graph Algorithms; Semantic Clustering and Data Classification.

Logic Programming and Databases

Logic Programming and Databases PDF Author: Stefano Ceri
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642839525
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 284

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Book Description
The topic of logic programming and databases. has gained in creasing interest in recent years. Several events have marked the rapid evolution of this field: the selection, by the Japanese Fifth Generation Project, of Prolog and of the relational data model as the basis for the development of new machine archi tectures; the focusing of research in database theory on logic queries and on recursive query processing; and the pragmatic, application-oriented development of expert database systems and of knowledge-base systems. As a result, an enormous amount of work has been produced in the recent literature, coupled with the spontaneous growth of several advanced projects in this area. The goal of this book is to present a systematic overview of a rapidly evolving discipline, which is presently not described with the same approach in other books. We intend to introduce stu dents and researchers to this new discipline; thus we use a plain, tutorial style, and complement the description of algorithms with examples and exercises. We attempt to achieve a balance be tween theoretical foundations and technological issues; thus we present a careful introduction to the new language Datalog, but we also focus on the efficient interfacing of logic programming formalisms (such as Prolog and Datalog) with large databases.

Data Integration

Data Integration PDF Author: Michael Genesereth
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1598297414
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 97

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Book Description
Data integration is a critical problem in our increasingly interconnected but inevitably heterogeneous world. There are numerous data sources available in organizational databases and on public information systems like the World Wide Web. Not surprisingly, the sources often use different vocabularies and different data structures, being created, as they are, by different people, at different times, for different purposes. The goal of data integration is to provide programmatic and human users with integrated access to multiple, heterogeneous data sources, giving each user the illusion of a single, homogeneous database designed for his or her specific need. The good news is that, in many cases, the data integration process can be automated. This book is an introduction to the problem of data integration and a rigorous account of one of the leading approaches to solving this problem, viz., the relational logic approach. Relational logic provides a theoretical framework for discussing data integration. Moreover, in many important cases, it provides algorithms for solving the problem in a computationally practical way. In many respects, relational logic does for data integration what relational algebra did for database theory several decades ago. A companion web site provides interactive demonstrations of the algorithms. Table of Contents: Preface / Interactive Edition / Introduction / Basic Concepts / Query Folding / Query Planning / Master Schema Management / Appendix / References / Index / Author Biography

Applications of Logic Databases

Applications of Logic Databases PDF Author: Raghu Ramakrishnan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0792395336
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 280

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Book Description
The premise behind developing powerful declarative database languages is compelling: by enabling users to specify their queries (and their integrity constraints) in a clear, non-operational way, they make the user's task easier, and provide the database system with more opportunities for optimization. Relational database systems offer a striking proof that this premise is indeed valid. The most popular relational query language, SQL, is based upon relational algebra and calculus, i.e., a small fragment of first-order logic, and the ease of writing queries in SQL (in comparison to more navigational languages) has been an important factor in the commercial success of relational databases. It is well-known that SQL has some important limitations, in spite of its success and popUlarity. Notably, the query language is non-recursive, and support for integrity constraints is limited. Indeed, recognizing these problems, the latest standard, SQL-92, provides increased support for integrity constraints, and it is anticipated that the successor to the SQL-92 standard, called SQL3, RECURSIVE UNION operation [1]. Logic database systems have will include a concentrated on these extensions to the relational database paradigm, and some systems (e.g., Bull's DEL prototype) have even incorporated object-oriented features (another extension likely to appear in SQL3).

LOGIDATA+: Deductive Databases with Complex Objects

LOGIDATA+: Deductive Databases with Complex Objects PDF Author: Paolo Atzeni
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540569749
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 290

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Book Description
This book presents a collection of coordinated scientific papers describing the work conducted and the results achieved within the LOGIDATA+ project, a research action funded by the Italian national research council CNR. Theaim of the LOGIDATA+ project is the definition of advanced database systems which significantly extend the functionalities of the current systems, with specific reference to the application areas for which relational systemsare not considered satisfactory. These new systems will allow the definitionof data with complex structures, the representation of semantic relationships between objects, and the use of powerful query and update languages. They will be based on a combination of techniques originatingfrom relational databases and logic programming, with contributions from object-oriented programming. The goal of the LOGIDATA+ project is the design, definition, and prototype implementation of a database management system with complex structures and a class hierarchy, to be accessed through a rule-based language. This book presents an integrated view of the project at the end of the first phase. The second phase will be mainly concerned with the implementation of prototypes.

Logic for Problem Solving, Revisited

Logic for Problem Solving, Revisited PDF Author: Robert Kowalski
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3837036294
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 345

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Book Description
This seminal book of Computer Science is the most cited reference on the subject of programming in logic. Originally published in 1979, this now classic text was the first comprehensive attempt to define the scope of logic for problem solving. In this extended edition, Robert Kowalski revisits his classic text in the light of subsequent developments in a substantial commentary of fifty pages. This work investigates the application of logic to problem-solving and computer programming. It assumes no previous knowledge of these fields, and may be appropriate therefore as an introduction to logic, the theory of problem-solving, and computer programming. At the focal point is Computational Logic. It centers around the famous slogan: Algorithm = Logic + Control, which was coined by the author and is explained in this book. According to this view, an algorithm consists of a problem description (the logic part) and a strategy to perform useful computations on this description (the control part). This separation of concerns ideally leads to declarative programs that are simple to develop, clear to understand and easy to maintain.

Computational Logic — CL 2000

Computational Logic — CL 2000 PDF Author: John Lloyd
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540449574
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 1382

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Book Description
These are the proceedings of the First International Conference on Compu- tional Logic (CL 2000) which was held at Imperial College in London from 24th to 28th July, 2000. The theme of the conference covered all aspects of the theory, implementation, and application of computational logic, where computational logic is to be understood broadly as the use of logic in computer science. The conference was collocated with the following events: { 6th International Conference on Rules and Objects in Databases (DOOD 2000) { 10th International Workshop on Logic-based Program Synthesis and Tra- formation (LOPSTR 2000) { 10th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming (ILP 2000). CL 2000 consisted of seven streams: { Program Development (LOPSTR 2000) { Logic Programming: Theory and Extensions { Constraints { Automated Deduction: Putting Theory into Practice { Knowledge Representation and Non-monotonic Reasoning { Database Systems (DOOD 2000) { Logic Programming: Implementations and Applications. The LOPSTR 2000 workshop constituted the program development stream and the DOOD 2000 conference constituted the database systems stream. Each stream had its own chair and program committee, which autonomously selected the papers in the area of the stream. Overall, 176 papers were submitted, of which 86 were selected to be presented at the conference and appear in these proceedings. The acceptance rate was uniform across the streams. In addition, LOPSTR 2000 accepted about 15 extended abstracts to be presented at the conference in the program development stream.