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Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications PDF Author: S. Bickerton
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128088370
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 928

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Book Description
The term liquid composite moulding (LCM) encompasses a family of processes in which a dry fibrous reinforcement is impregnated by a liquid resin inside a sealed cavity. As the understanding and control of these processes improve, their field of application widens. LCM processes can be used as a replacement to decrease the environmental impact and improve the quality of composite parts made via traditional open-mould processes. they can also provide a cost-cutting alternative to prepreg techniques while maintaining a high part quality. This chapter describes the variety of processes blanketed under the class liquid composite moulding and the research advances in the monitoring and simulation of these processes. the subsequent section presents the current usage of LCM techniques in the field of civil engineering, including some case studies, before outlining some future trends and offering sources for further information.

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications PDF Author: S. Bickerton
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128088370
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 928

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Book Description
The term liquid composite moulding (LCM) encompasses a family of processes in which a dry fibrous reinforcement is impregnated by a liquid resin inside a sealed cavity. As the understanding and control of these processes improve, their field of application widens. LCM processes can be used as a replacement to decrease the environmental impact and improve the quality of composite parts made via traditional open-mould processes. they can also provide a cost-cutting alternative to prepreg techniques while maintaining a high part quality. This chapter describes the variety of processes blanketed under the class liquid composite moulding and the research advances in the monitoring and simulation of these processes. the subsequent section presents the current usage of LCM techniques in the field of civil engineering, including some case studies, before outlining some future trends and offering sources for further information.

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications PDF Author: J. Bai
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128088311
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 928

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Book Description
Fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become essential materials for maintaining and strengthening existing infrastructure. Many new innovative types of hybrid material and structural systems have been developed using FRP composite materials. Increased utilisation of FRP requires that structural engineers and practitioners be able to understand the behaviour of FRP materials and design composite structures. This book provides an overview of different advanced FRP composites and the use of these materials in a variety of application areas. This chapter specifically covers a brief review on FRP applications and gives an outline of the book.

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications PDF Author: K. Benzarti
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128088427
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 928

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Book Description
Fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are increasingly being used in the field of civil engineering, either for the rehabilitation/retrofitting of existing infrastructures or for the construction of new structural elements. However, such applications are still recent and there are still unresolved questions regarding the long-term durability of FRP reinforcements or structural elements under service conditions, and their behaviour under accidental fire events as well. In this chapter, it is proposed to highlight the basic mechanisms involved in the environmental degradation of FRP composites, with a large emphasis on ageing mechanisms of the polymer matrix and their consequences on the mechanical properties. The last section is specifically devoted to the fire behaviour of polymer composites and also recalls existing fire-proofing solutions.

Advanced Fibre-reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Structural Applications

Advanced Fibre-reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Structural Applications PDF Author: Jiping Bai
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing Limited
ISBN: 9780857094186
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 906

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Book Description
Advanced fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become essential materials in the building and repair of civil infrastructure. This wide ranging book reviews key developments in the use of these materials. There are sections on fiber-reinforced polymer composites and assessments of the material performance, processing and applications. Part one introduces materials used in the creation of advanced FRP composites including polyester, vinylester and epoxy resins. Chapters in part two goes on to explore the processing and fabrication of advanced FRP composites and includes contributions on prepreg processing and filament winding processes. Part three highlights properties of advanced FRP composites and discusses how performance can be managed and tested. The conclusion reviews applications of advanced FRP composites, including bridge engineering, pipe rehabilitation in the oil and gas industry and sustainable energy production.

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications PDF Author: R.M. Guedes
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128088419
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 928

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Book Description
This chapter describes the elastic qualities of advanced fibre-reinforced composites, in terms of characterization, measurement and prediction from the basic constituents, i.e. the fibre and matrix. The elastic analysis comprises applying micromechanics approaches to predict the lamina elastic properties from the basic constituents, and using classical lamination theory to predict the elastic properties of composite materials composed of several laminae stacked at different orientations. Examples are given to illustrate the theoretical analysis and give a full apprehension of its prediction capability. The last section provides an overview on identification methods for elastic proprieties based on full-field measurements. It is shown that these methodologies are very convenient for elastic characterization of anisotropic and heterogeneous materials.

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications PDF Author: L.C. Hollaway
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128088508
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 928

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Book Description
This chapter will introduce advances in properties, production and manufacturing techniques of the advanced polymer/fibre composite materials that are utilised in the manufacture of machines that produce sustainable energy. discussed the various methods of transferring wind, tidal, wave and solar energies into electrical power and this chapter will show how advanced composites are utilised in these various machines. Furthermore, it will suggest methods for the repair, maintenance and recycling of advanced polymer composite wind turbine blades. Finally, the future trends of sustainable energy systems and the role that polymers and polymer/fibre composites will have in their manufacture/fabrication will be evaluated.

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications PDF Author: S. Pansart
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128088362
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 928

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Book Description
This chapter provides some basic knowledge about FRP manufacturing processes involving prepreg materials. It contains information regarding the manufacture of prepreg semi-finished products, processing methods for obtaining structural components, and some considerations about quality. It is intended as an overview only, addressing engineering students or practitioners who have only little knowledge about composites and prepreg processing technologies.

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications PDF Author: M.F.M. Fahmy
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128088443
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 928

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Book Description
To ensure better performance for a range of existing reinforced concrete structures in seismic regions with substandard structural details, seismic retrofit is an economical solution. Hence, this chapter presents some of the available results in which fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites can be used for damage-controllable structures. For example, the performance of existing reinforced concrete structures whose components are vulnerable to shear failure, flexural-compression failure, joint reinforcement bond failure, or longitudinal reinforcement lap splice failure and retrofitted with FRPs is described. Novel concepts of modern constructions with controllability and recoverability using FRP composites are addressed.

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications PDF Author: F. Sarasini
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128088346
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 928

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Book Description
This chapter discusses the use of vinylester resin as a matrix in polymer composite materials to be used in civil engineering applications. The chapter begins by discussing the increasing trend of composite development and use in civil engineering along with the related reasons. It then reviews the chemistry of vinylester resins together with their mechanical and chemical properties as well as the applications of vinylester resin and composites in the construction industry. The chapter includes indications on future applications of vinylester-based fibre-reinforced composites along with a section devoted to sources of further and relevant information.

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications PDF Author: V. Fiore
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128088354
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 928

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Book Description
This chapter discusses the epoxy resins which, thanks to their good and versatile properties, can be considered nowadays the most important class of thermosetting polymers. In particular the chapter first reviews both the epoxy resins commonly available on the market, including a new class of bio-derived epoxy resins, and the most-used curing agents. it then describes the principal characteristics of the epoxy resins and how it is possible to enhance them by adding several fillers to the epoxy system. Finally, the chapter analyzes the main engineering fields in which epoxy resins find application today and their possible future utilization.